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Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review.

Adeboye, Bridget; Bermano, Giovanna; Rolland, Catherine


Bridget Adeboye

Catherine Rolland


Obesity and its association with co-morbidities in Africa are on the rise. This systematic review examines evidence of obesity and its association with co-morbidities within the African continent. Comparative studies conducted in Africa on adults 17 years and older with mean body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2 were included. Five electronic databases were searched. Surveys, case-control and cohort studies from January 2000 to July 2010 were evaluated. Of 720 potentially relevant articles, 10 met the inclusion criteria. Prevalence of obesity was higher in urban than rural subjects with significant increases in obesity rates among women. Inflammatory marker levels were significantly elevated among Africans compared with Caucasians. The co-relationship between obesity and chronic diseases was also highlighted. This systematic review demonstrates that while obesity remains an area of significant public health importance to Africans, particularly in urban areas, there is little evidence of proper diagnosis, treatment and/or prevention.


ADEBOYE, B., BERMANO, G. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review. Cardiovascular journal of Africa [online], 23(9), pp. 512-521. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 3, 2012
Online Publication Date Oct 29, 2012
Publication Date Oct 31, 2012
Deposit Date Dec 18, 2012
Publicly Available Date Dec 18, 2012
Journal Cardiovascular journal of Africa
Print ISSN 1995-1892
Electronic ISSN 1680-0745
Publisher Clinics Cardive Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 9
Pages 512-521
Keywords Obesity; Africa; Prevalence; Cardiovascular risk
Public URL


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