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Architectural technology and the BIM acronym: 2: reviewing evolving paradigms for BIM implementation among SMEs.

Kouider, T.; Paterson, J.J.G.


J.J.G. Paterson



Among Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) (EC, 2013) in particular, the UK Governments ambitions regarding BIM uptake and diffusion across the construction sector may be tempered by a realpolitik shaped in part by interactions between the industry, Higher Education (HE) and professional practice. That premise also has a global perspective. (Rooney, 2014) In September 2013, Education for the Built Environment (E4BE) was constituted as a strategic UK built environment sector group by the Construction Industry Council (CIC) and Construction Industry Training Board (CITB). E4BEs strategic remit was to encourage professional institutions to extend their engagement with HE in collaboration with other stakeholders to add value to Higher Educations contribution to industry. Also to support HE providers in meeting future industry needs by working with stakeholders in a more integrated way and with employers faced with addressing skill challenges for new entrants and recalibrating/reskilling the existing workforce. A key strand of E4BEs activity is BIM. Building from a previous study and making reference to E4BEs brief, the paper will explore work in progress on defining and developing what the authors have previously described as an evolutionary paradigm for engagement with BIM by educators, practitioners and industry. The paper will also report on and appraise progress within the architectural technology discipline making reference to aspects of education, professional practice and drivers for the effective implementation of integrated and effective Level 2 BIM practice in the field.


KOUIDER, T. and PATERSON, J.J.G. 2014. Architectural technology and the BIM acronym: 2: reviewing evolving paradigms for BIM implementation among SMEs. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 295-312. Available from:

Conference Name 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014)
Conference Location Aberdeen, UK
Start Date Nov 7, 2014
Acceptance Date Jan 8, 2014
Online Publication Date Nov 7, 2014
Publication Date Dec 31, 2014
Deposit Date Mar 4, 2015
Publicly Available Date Mar 4, 2015
Publisher Robert Gordon University
Pages 295-312
ISBN 9781907349096
Keywords BIM; SMEs; Micro SMEs; Evolution; Architectural technologist
Public URL
Publisher URL


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