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Mapping relational efficiency in neuro-fuzzy hybrid cost models.

Tokede, Olubukola; Ahiaga-Dagbui, Dominic; Smith, Simon; Wamuziri, Sam


Olubukola Tokede

Dominic Ahiaga-Dagbui

Simon Smith

Sam Wamuziri


Daniel Castro-Lacouture

Javier Irizarry

Baabak Ashuri


Significant improvements are achievable in the accuracy of cost estimates if cost models adequately incorporate issues of flexibility and uncertainty. This study evaluates the relational efficiencies of the fuzzy composition operators “ the max-min and max-product, in establishing the final cost of water infrastructure projects. Cost and project data was collected on 1600 water infrastructure projects completed in Scotland between 2000 and 2011. Neural network is first used to develop relative weightings of relevant cost predictors. These were then standardized into fuzzy sets to establish a consistent effect of each variable on the overall target cost. The strength and degree of relationship of the normalized cost predictor weightings and the fuzzified project attributes were combined using the max-min and max-product composition operators to obtain project cost predictions. The predictions from the two composition operators are compared with the actual cost figures. Results show comparable performance in the efficiency of the composition operators. Based on statistical correlations, the max-product composition operator achieved on average a deviation of 1.71% while the max-min composition had an average deviation of 1.86%. Improvements in the relational efficiency of neuro-fuzzy hybrid cost models could assist in developing a robust framework for realistic cost targets on construction projects.


TOKEDE, O., AHIAGA-DAGBUI, D., SMITH, S. and WAMUZIRI, S. 2014. Mapping relational efficiency in neuro-fuzzy hybrid cost models. In Castro-Lacouture, D., Irizarry, J. and Ashuri, B. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2014 Construction research congress: construction in a global network, 19-21 May 2014, Atlanta, USA. Reston, VA: ASCE [online], pages 1458-1467. Available from:

Conference Name 2014 Construction research congress
Conference Location Atlanta, USA
Start Date May 19, 2014
End Date May 21, 2014
Acceptance Date May 13, 2014
Online Publication Date May 21, 2014
Publication Date Dec 31, 2014
Deposit Date Oct 21, 2015
Publicly Available Date Oct 21, 2015
Publisher ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers
Pages 1458-1467
ISBN 9780784413517
Keywords Hybrid methods; Infrastructure; Mapping; Fuzzy sets; Structural models; Uncertainty principles; Construction costs; Model accuracy; United Kingdom; Europe
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