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Rare elements electrochemistry: the development of a novel electrochemical sensor for the rapid detection of Europium in environmental samples using gold electrode modified with 2-pyridinol-1-oxide.

Cruickshank, Laura; Officer, Simon; Pollard, Pat; Prabhu, Radhakrishna; Stutter, Mark; Fernandez, Carlos

Authors

Laura Cruickshank

Simon Officer

Pat Pollard

Mark Stutter



Abstract

This work presents for the first time the electrochemical determination of europium using cyclic voltammetry at gold electrodes modified with 2-pyridinol-1-oxide. A well-defined oxidation peak was observed in cyclic voltammetry as a result of the oxidation of the europium at ~1100 mV in phosphate buffer at pH 7.0. The peak current increased linearly with the increase of concentration of the europium over the range from 1 to 80 μM and detection limit (based on 3-sigma) and quantification were found to be 0.3 and 0.549 μM, respectively. The analytical utility of the developed protocol was evaluated by performing the detection of the europium in river water. Europium is also linear over the concentration range 10 to 150 μM. (I p /μA = 0.7239x + 108.19, R 2 = 0.9981 and n = 9) with a detection limit of 6.5 μM (based on 3-sigma). This simple and effective protocol exhibited good sensitivity, precision and reliability towards the detected analyte.

Citation

CRUICKSHANK, L., OFFICER, S., POLLARD, P., PRABHU, R., STUTTER, M. and FERNANDEZ, C. 2015. Rare elements electrochemistry: the development of a novel electrochemical sensor for the rapid detection of Europium in environmental samples using gold electrode modified with 2-pyridinol-1-oxide. Analytical sciences [online], 31(7), pages 623-627. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2116/analsci.31.623

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 22, 2015
Online Publication Date Jul 10, 2015
Publication Date Jul 31, 2015
Deposit Date Nov 17, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 17, 2015
Journal Analytical sciences
Print ISSN 0910-6340
Electronic ISSN 1348-2246
Publisher Nihon Bunseki Kagakkai
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 7
Pages 623-627
DOI https://doi.org/10.2116/analsci.31.623
Keywords Lathanides; Electrochemical sensor; Environmental; Water; Gold electrode
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/1351

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