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Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine.

Adamson, Michael Angus; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Aziz, Nur Fadilah Ab; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Sellami, Nazmi; Iyi, Draco; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto; Bani, Nurul Aini; Mas'ud, Abdullahi Abubakar; Munir, Abu Bakar; Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd


Michael Angus Adamson

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Nazmi Sellami

Draco Iyi

Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez

Nurul Aini Bani

Abdullahi Abubakar Mas'ud

Abu Bakar Munir

Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin


In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners who install grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can also receive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposes a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control system was effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domestic and storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than {pound}12,000 over the life of the product.


ADAMSON, M.A., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., AZIZ, N.F.A., ABU-BAKAR, S.H., SELLAMI, N., IYI, D., RAMIREZ-INIGUEZ, R., BANI, N.A., MAS'UD, A.A., MUNIR, A.B. and MOHD YASIN, S.H. 2017. Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. Presented at the 2017 PACE international conference on science and technology (PICOST 2017), 25-27 July 2017, Penang, Malaysia.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Conference Name 2017 PACE international conference on science and technology (PICOST 2017)
Conference Location Penang, Malaysia
Start Date Jul 25, 2017
End Date Jul 27, 2017
Deposit Date Jan 16, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jan 16, 2018
Keywords Arduino Uno microcontroller; Control system; Feed in tariff; Wind turbine
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