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The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood: a pilot and feasibility study.

Mitchell, Fiona; Stevens, Gemma; Jahoda, Andrew; Matthews, Lynsay; Hankey, Catherine; Murray, Heather; Melville, Craig

Authors

Fiona Mitchell

Gemma Stevens

Andrew Jahoda

Lynsay Matthews

Catherine Hankey

Heather Murray

Craig Melville



Abstract

Background: In the general population, the transition from adolescence to adulthood has been identified as a 'high-risk' period for weight gain. There has been no research examining health behaviours over this transition in adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods/design: The feasibility of recruitment, retention and relevant health behaviours were measured in 31 adolescents with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities. Anthropometric, objective physical activity, dietary and self-determination measures were collected over a 12-month transitional period from school to adulthood. Results: Key results suggest weight and BMI increased significantly from month 6 to month 12 (p = 0.044 and p = 0.043). Waist circumference increased significantly from baseline to month 12 (p = 0.049), and from month 6 to month 12 (p = 0.03). Discussion: Recruiting and retaining young adults with intellectual disabilities over a 12-month health behaviour study is feasible. The data indicate the transition from school to adulthood may be the start of a high-risk period for weight gain.

Citation

MITCHELL, F., STEVENS, G., JAHODA, A., MATTHEWS, L., HANKEY, C., MURRAY, H. and MELVILLE, C. 2018. The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood: a pilot and feasibility study. Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities [online], 31(6), pages 1154-1163. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12489

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 23, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 28, 2018
Publication Date Nov 30, 2018
Deposit Date Aug 13, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 29, 2019
Journal Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities
Print ISSN 1360-2322
Electronic ISSN 1468-3148
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 6
Pages 1154-1163
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12489
Keywords Diet; Intellectual disabilities; Lifestyle behaviours; Physical activity; Transition; Weight gain prevention
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/3064

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