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Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine.

Adamson, Michael Angus; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Aziz, Nur Fadilah Ab; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Sellami, Nazmi; Iyi, Draco; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto; Bani, Nurul Aini; Mas�ud, Abdullahi Abubakar; Munir, Abu Bakar; Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd


Michael Angus Adamson

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Nazmi Sellami

Draco Iyi

Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez

Nurul Aini Bani

Abdullahi Abubakar Mas�ud

Abu Bakar Munir

Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin


In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners who install grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can also receive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximized by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposes a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control system was effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domestic and storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than €12,000 over the life of the product.


ADAMSON, M.A., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., AZIZ, N.F.A., ABU-BAKAR, S.H., SELLAMI, N., IYI, D., RAMIREZ-INIGUEZ, R., BANI, N.A., MAS'UD, A.A., MUNIR, A.B. and YASIN, S.H.M. 2019. Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. Journal of computational and theoretical nanoscience [online], 16(5-6), pages 2249-2258. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 1, 2019
Online Publication Date May 1, 2019
Publication Date May 31, 2019
Deposit Date Aug 12, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 12, 2019
Journal Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience
Print ISSN 1546-1955
Electronic ISSN 1546-1963
Publisher American Scientific Publishers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 5-6
Pages 2249-2258
Keywords Arduino uno microcontroller; Control system; Feed-in tariff; Wind turbine
Public URL


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