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Renewable energy for sustainable growth and development: an evaluation of law and policy of Bangladesh.

Karim, Mohammad Ershadul; Karim, Ridoan; Islam, Md. Toriqul; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Bani, Nurul Aini; Muhtazaruddin, Mohd Nabil


Mohammad Ershadul Karim

Ridoan Karim

Md. Toriqul Islam

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Nurul Aini Bani

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin


Bangladesh’s constant growth with an annual 6% plus Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for more than the last two decades and achievements in other socio-economic metrics in recent times is impressive and recognized by various global authoritative bodies. The extent of overwhelming economic ventures in the private sector coupled with the commitments of the government clearly demonstrates the transformation of the country from a primarily agro-based economy to one influenced by the manufacturing and service sectors. Bangladesh is fortunate to have fossil fuel reserves on a limited scale, though these are not enough to run the ongoing massive scale development activities, both in private and public sectors. Thus, the constant and uninterrupted supply of energy at an affordable price remains a serious concern for the successive governments. Therefore, this issue of supply of constant energy has turned to be an important part in the national development agenda. Besides, the country is one of the worst victim nations of the devastating effects of global warming and climate change. As Bangladesh is geographically located in a favorable place in the world map with the availability of plenty of renewable energy sources (RES), the policymakers started to take initiatives leading to exploiting these sources to meet the energy demand of the country. There are both prospects and administrative, legal, technological, socio-cultural and environmental challenges. To address these challenges, it requires comprehensive policy initiatives. A good number of technical and scientific research containing findings and recommendations are available. This paper, which is based on adopting a qualitative research methodology where the contents of secondary sources were analyzed, is an initial attempt to highlight the renewable energy developments in Bangladesh, and subsequently, to evaluate the relevant legal and policy initiatives in the light of international best practices. We advance several recommendations that the stakeholders can consider exploiting RES effectively to attain inclusive, equitable and sustainable development in Bangladesh. These include, inter alia: (1) Enhancing government participation to lead the development of renewable energy (RE); (2) ensuring localization of RE technology; (3) reducing the expenses of energy generation through RES and providing assistance in initial investments; (4) introducing comprehensive legal and regulatory policy for the development of RE industry in Bangladesh; and (5) conducting effective public awareness.


KARIM, M.E., KARIM, R., ISLAM, M.T., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., BANI, N.A. and MUHTAZARUDDIN, M.N. 2019. Renewable energy for sustainable growth and development: an evaluation of law and policy of Bangladesh. Sustainability [online], 11(20), article ID 5774. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 15, 2019
Online Publication Date Oct 17, 2019
Publication Date Oct 25, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 18, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 18, 2019
Journal Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 20
Article Number 5774
Keywords Renewable energy; RE prospects and challenges; RE regulations and policy; RE in Bangladesh
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