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An assessment of the effect of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using sage leaves (Salvia officinalis L.) on germinated plants of maize (Zea mays L.).

Sehnal, Karel; Hosnedlova, Bozena; Docekalova, Michaela; Stankova, Martina; Uhlirova, Dagmar; Tothova, Zuzana; Kepinska, Marta; Milnerowicz, Halina; Fernandez, Carlos; Ruttkay-Nedecky, Branislav; Nguyen, Hoai Viet; Ofomaja, Augustine; Sochor, Jiri; Kizek, Rene


Karel Sehnal

Bozena Hosnedlova

Michaela Docekalova

Martina Stankova

Dagmar Uhlirova

Zuzana Tothova

Marta Kepinska

Halina Milnerowicz

Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky

Hoai Viet Nguyen

Augustine Ofomaja

Jiri Sochor

Rene Kizek


AgNPs have attracted considerable attention in many applications including industrial use, and their antibacterial properties have been widely investigated. Due to the green synthesis process employed, the nanoparticle surface can be coated with molecules with biologically important characteristics. It has been reported that increased use of nanoparticles elevates the risk of their release into the environment. However, little is known about the behaviour of AgNPs in the eco-environment. In this study, the effect of green synthesized AgNPs on germinated plants of maize was examined. The effects on germination, basic growth and physiological parameters of the plants were monitored. Moreover, the effect of AgNPs was compared with that of Ag(I) ions in the form of AgNO3 solution. It was found that the growth inhibition of the above-ground parts of plants was about 40%, and AgNPs exhibited a significant effect on photosynthetic pigments. Significant differences in the following parameters were observed: weights of the caryopses and fresh weight (FW) of primary roots after 96 h of exposure to Ag(I) ions and AgNPs compared to the control and between Ag compounds. In addition, the coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) between the control and the AgNPs varied and that between the Ag(I) ions and AgNPs was also different. Phytotoxicity was proved in the following sequence: control < AgNPs < Ag(I) ions.


SEHNAL, K., HOSNEDLOVA, B., DOCEKALOVA, M., STANKOVA, M., UHLIROVA, D., TOTHOVA, Z., KEPINSKA, M., MILNEROWICZ, H., FERNANDEZ, C., RUTTKAY-NEDECKY, B., NGUYEN, H.V., OFOMAJA, A., SOCHOR, J. and KIZEK, R. 2019. An assessment of the effect of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using sage leaves (Salvia officinalis L.) on germinated plants of maize (Zea mays L.). Nanomaterials [online], 9(11), article ID 1550. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 18, 2019
Online Publication Date Oct 31, 2019
Publication Date Nov 30, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 31, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 31, 2019
Journal Nanomaterials
Electronic ISSN 2079-4991
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 11
Article Number 1550
Keywords Green synthesis; Thiol compounds; Phytotoxicity; Phyto-nanotechnology; Plant physiology
Public URL