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Microwave irradiation synthesis and characterization of reduced-(graphene oxide-(polystyrene-polymethyl methacrylate))/silver nanoparticle nanocomposites and their anti-microbial activity.

Aldoasri, Mohammad A.; Alsaud, Khaled Bin Bandar; Othman, Ali; Al-Hindawi, Mohammed; Faisal, Nadimul Haque; Ahmed, Rehan; Michael, Feven Mattews; Krishnan, Mohan Raj; Alsharaeh, Edreese

Authors

Mohammad A. Aldoasri

Khaled Bin Bandar Alsaud

Ali Othman

Mohammed Al-Hindawi

Rehan Ahmed

Feven Mattews Michael

Mohan Raj Krishnan

Edreese Alsharaeh



Abstract

Herein, we report a facile process for the preparation of styrene and methyl-methacrylate copolymer nanocomposites containing reduced graphene oxide and silver nanoparticles ((R-(GO-(PS-PMMA))/AgNPs)) by using (i) microwave irradiation (MWI) to obtain R-(GO-(PSPMMA))/AgNPs and (ii) the in situ bulk polymerization technique to produce RGO/AgNPs-(PSPMMA). Various characterization techniques, including FT-IR, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, SEM, HR-TEM, DSC, and TGA analysis, were used to characterize the prepared nanocomposites. The Berkovich nanoindentation method was employed to determine the hardness and elastic modulus of the nanocomposites. The results showed that the MWI-produced nanocomposites were found to have enhanced morphological, structural, and thermal properties compared with those of the nanocomposites prepared by the in situ method. In addition, the antibacterial activity of the prepared nanocomposites against the E. coli HB 101 K-12 was investigated, whereby an inhibition zone of 3 mm (RGO/AgNPs-(PS-PMMA) and 27 mm (R-(GO-(PS-PMMA))/AgNPs) was achieved. This indicates that the MWI-prepared nanocomposite has stronger antibacterial activity than the in situ-prepared nanocomposite.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 31, 2020
Journal Polymers
Electronic ISSN 2073-4360
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 5
Article Number 1155
Institution Citation ALDOASRI, M.A., ALSAUD, K.B.B., OTHMAN, A., AL-HINDAWI, M., FAISAL, N.H., AHMED, R., MICHAEL, F.M., KRISHNAN, M.R. and ALSHARAEH, E. 2020. Microwave irradiation synthesis and characterization of reduced-(graphene oxide-(polystyrene-polymethyl methacrylate))/silver nanoparticle nanocomposites and their anti-microbial activity. Polymers [online], 12(5), article ID 1155. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12051155
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12051155
Keywords Reduced graphene oxide; Silver nanoparticles; Microwave irradiation; PS-PMMA; Antimicrobia

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