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Members in good standing? The relationship between NoFap/reboot communities and the manosphere. (2024)
Journal Article
SMITH, D. 2024. Members in good standing? The relationship between NoFap/Reboot communities and the manosphere. International journal of communication [online], 18, pages 528-541. Available from: https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/20524/4448

NoFap/reboot communities are online groups of mostly men trying to abstain from pornography and/or masturbation. For researchers exploring the manosphere, a loose collation of digital communities in which men affirm and replicate antifeminist/promale... Read More about Members in good standing? The relationship between NoFap/reboot communities and the manosphere..

One of the biggest threats to modern civilisation? The weaponisation of "wokeness" in the UK press and political discourses. (2023)
Presentation / Conference
SMITH, D.S. 2023. One of the biggest threats to modern civilisation? The weaponisation of "wokeness" in the UK press and political discourses. Presented at the 2023 International PhD scholar conference: researching sensitive subjects and fragile lives, 5-7 December 2023, [virtual conference].

Though the term originated in the early twentieth century, it is only recently "wokeness" has become a staple of British media discourse. Typically, the concept features in commentaries and exchanges about institutional power, censorship, minority ri... Read More about One of the biggest threats to modern civilisation? The weaponisation of "wokeness" in the UK press and political discourses..

Towards feasible counterfactual explanations: a taxonomy guided template-based NLG method. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
SALIMI, P., WIRATUNGA, N., CORSAR, D. and WIJEKOON, A. 2023. Towards feasible counterfactual explanations: a taxonomy guided template-based NLG method. In Gal, K., Nowé, A., Nalepa, G.J., Fairstein, R. and Rădulescu, R. (eds.) ECAI 2023: proceedings of the 26th European conference on artificial intelligence (ECAI 2023), 30 September - 4 October 2023, Kraków, Poland. Frontiers in artificial intelligence and applications, 372. Amsterdam: IOS Press [online], pages 2057-2064. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3233/FAIA230499

Counterfactual Explanations (cf-XAI) describe the smallest changes in feature values necessary to change an outcome from one class to another. However, many cf-XAI methods neglect the feasibility of those changes. In this paper, we introduce a novel... Read More about Towards feasible counterfactual explanations: a taxonomy guided template-based NLG method..

Evaluation of attention-based LSTM and Bi-LSTM networks for abstract text classification in systematic literature review automation. (2023)
Journal Article
OFORI-BOATENG, R., ACEVES-MARTINS, M., JAYNE, C., WIRATUNGA, N. and MORENO-GARCIA, C.F. 2023. Evaluation of attention-based LSTM and Bi-LSTM networks for abstract text classification in systematic literature review automation. Porcedia computer science [online], 222: selected papers from the 2023 International Neural Network Society workshop on deep learning innovations and applications (INNS DLIA 2023), co-located with the 2023 International joint conference on neural networks (IJCNN), 18-32 June 2023, Gold Coast, Australia, pages 114-126. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2023.08.149

Systematic Review (SR) presents the highest form of evidence in research for decision and policy-making. Nonetheless, the structured steps involved in carrying out SRs make it demanding for reviewers. Many studies have projected the abstract screenin... Read More about Evaluation of attention-based LSTM and Bi-LSTM networks for abstract text classification in systematic literature review automation..

CBR driven interactive explainable AI. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N., MARTIN, K., CORSAR, D., NKISI-ORJI, I., PALIHAWADANA, C., BRIDGE, D., PRADEEP, P., AGUDO, B.D. and CARO-MARTÍNEZ, M. 2023. CBR driven interactive explainable AI. In MASSIE, S. and CHAKRABORTI, S. (eds.) 2023. Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning 2023, (ICCBR 2023), 17-20 July 2023, Aberdeen, UK. Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS), 14141. Cham: Springer [online], pages169-184. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40177-0_11

Explainable AI (XAI) can greatly enhance user trust and satisfaction in AI-assisted decision-making processes. Numerous explanation techniques (explainers) exist in the literature, and recent findings suggest that addressing multiple user needs requi... Read More about CBR driven interactive explainable AI..

Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR 2023). (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MASSIE, S. and CHAKRABORTI, S. (eds.) 2023. Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR 2023), 17-20 July 2023, Aberdeen, UK. Lecture notes in computer science, 14141. Cham: Springer [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40177-0

This volume contains the papers presented at the 31st International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2023), which was held on July 17–20, 2023, at Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. ICCBR is the premier annual meeting of the... Read More about Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR 2023)..

Failure-driven transformational case reuse of explanation strategies in CloodCBR. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
NKISI-ORJI, I., PALIHAWADANA, C., WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A. and CORSAR, D. 2023. Failure-driven transformational case reuse of explanation strategies in CloodCBR. In Massie, S. and Chakraborti, S. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning 2023 (ICCBR 2023), 17-20 July 2023, Aberdeen, UK. Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS), 14141. Cham: Springer [online], pages 279-293. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40177-0_18

In this paper, we propose a novel approach to improve problem-solving efficiency through the reuse of case solutions. Specifically, we introduce the concept of failure-driven transformational case reuse of explanation strategies, which involves trans... Read More about Failure-driven transformational case reuse of explanation strategies in CloodCBR..

A cross-sectional study of discipline-based self-perceived digital literacy competencies of nursing students. (2023)
Journal Article
MARTZOUKOU, K., LUDERS, E.S., MAIR, J., KOSTAGIOLAS, P., JOHNSON, N., WORK, F. and FULTON, C. 2023. A cross-sectional study of discipline-based self-perceived digital literacy competencies of nursing students. Journal of advanced nursing [online], Online First. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.15801

This study offers an empirical exploration of self-assessed digital competencies of students, most of whom studied in nursing courses, using a discipline-based self-assessment survey tool. A range of digital competencies were explored: information an... Read More about A cross-sectional study of discipline-based self-perceived digital literacy competencies of nursing students..

AGREE: a feature attribution aggregation framework to address explainer disagreements with alignment metrics. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
PIRIE, C., WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A. and MORENO-GARCIA, C.F. 2023. AGREE: a feature attribution aggregation framework to address explainer disagreements with alignment metrics. In Malburg, L. and Verma, D. (eds.) Workshop proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR-WS 2023), 17 July 2023, Aberdeen, UK. CEUR workshop proceedings, 3438. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 184-199. Available from: https://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3438/paper_14.pdf

As deep learning models become increasingly complex, practitioners are relying more on post hoc explanation methods to understand the decisions of black-box learners. However, there is growing concern about the reliability of feature attribution expl... Read More about AGREE: a feature attribution aggregation framework to address explainer disagreements with alignment metrics..

CBR assisted context-aware surface realisation for data-to-text generation. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A. and MASSIE, S. 2023. CBR assisted context-aware surface realisation for data-to-text generation. In MASSIE, S. and CHAKRABORTI, S. (eds.) 2023. Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 31st International conference on case-based reasoning 2023, (ICCBR 2023), 17-20 July 2023, Aberdeen, UK. Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS), 14141. Cham: Springer [online], pages 34-49. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40177-0_3

Current state-of-the-art neural systems for Data-to-Text Generation (D2T) struggle to generate content from past events with interesting insights. This is because these systems have limited access to historic data and can also hallucinate inaccurate... Read More about CBR assisted context-aware surface realisation for data-to-text generation..

Machine learning for risk stratification of diabetic foot ulcers using biomarkers. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MARTIN, K., UPHADYAY, A., WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N. and MASSIE, S. [2023]. Machine learning for risk stratification of diabetic foot ulcers using biomarkers. To be presented at the 2023 International conference on computational science (ICCS 2023): computing at the cutting edge of science, 3-5 July 2023, Prague, Czech Republic: [virtual event].

Development of a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU) causes a sharp decline in a patient's health and quality of life. The process of risk stratification is crucial for informing the care that a patient should receive to help manage their Diabetes before an ul... Read More about Machine learning for risk stratification of diabetic foot ulcers using biomarkers..

Digital transformation for offshore assets: a deep learning framework for weld classification in remote visual inspections. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
TORAL-QUIJAS, L.A., ELYAN, E., MORENO-GARCÍA, C.F. and STANDER, J. 2023. Digital transformation for offshore assets: a deep learning framework for weld classification in remote visual inspections. In Iliadis, L, Maglogiannis, I., Alonso, S., Jayne, C. and Pimenidis, E. (eds.) Proceedings of the 24th International conference on engineering applications of neural networks (EAAAI/EANN 2023), 14-17 June 2023, León, Spain. Communications in computer and information science, 1826. Cham: Springer [online], pages 217-226. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-34204-2_19

Inspecting circumferential welds in caissons is a critical task for ensuring the safety and reliability of structures in the offshore industry. However, identifying and classifying different types of circumferential welds can be challenging in subsea... Read More about Digital transformation for offshore assets: a deep learning framework for weld classification in remote visual inspections..

iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experiences. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MARTIN, K., WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N., PALIHAWADANA, C., NKISI-ORJI, I., CORSAR, D., DÍAZ-AGUDO, B., RECIO-GARCÍA, J.A., CARO-MARTÍNEZ, M., BRIDGE, D., PRADEEP, P., LIRET, A. and FLEISCH, B. 2022. iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experiences. In Reuss, P. and Schönborn, J. (eds.) Workshop proceedings of the 30th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR-WS 2022), 12-15 September 2022, Nancy, France. CEUR workshop proceedings, 3389. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 231-232. Available from: https://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3389/ICCBR_2022_Workshop_paper_83.pdf

The right to an explanation of the decision reached by a machine learning (ML) model is now an EU regulation. However, different system stakeholders may have different background knowledge, competencies and goals, thus requiring different kinds of ex... Read More about iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experiences..

Introducing Clood CBR: a cloud based CBR framework. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
PALIHAWADANA, C., NKISI-ORJI, I., WIRATUNGA, N., CORSAR, D. and WIJEKOON, A. 2022. Introducing Clood CBR: a cloud based CBR framework. In Reuss, P. and Schönborn, J. (eds.) Workshop proceedings of the 30th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR-WS 2022), 12-15 September 2022, Nancy, France. CEUR workshop proceedings, 3389. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 233-234. Available from: https://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3389/ICCBR_2022_Workshop_paper_108.pdf

CBR applications have been deployed in a wide range of sectors, from pharmaceuticals; to defence and aerospace to IoT and transportation, to poetry and music generation; for example. However, a majority of applications have been built using monolithi... Read More about Introducing Clood CBR: a cloud based CBR framework..

iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experience of users for users. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N., PALIHAWADANA, C., NKISI-ORJI, I., CORSAR, D. and MARTIN, K. 2023. iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experience of users for users. In IUI '23 companion: companion proceedings of the 28th Intelligent user interfaces international conference 2023 (IUI 2023), 27-31 March 2023, Sydney, Australia. New York: ACM [online], pages 79-82. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3581754.3584137

The right to obtain an explanation of the decision reached by an Artificial Intelligence (AI) model is now an EU regulation. Different stakeholders of an AI system (e.g. managers, developers, auditors, etc.) may have different background knowledge, c... Read More about iSee: intelligent sharing of explanation experience of users for users..

Achieving online dialogic learning using breakout rooms. (2023)
Journal Article
DOUGLAS, S. 2023. Achieving online dialogic learning using breakout rooms. Research in learning technology [online], 31, article number 2882. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v31.2882

Breakout rooms are an increasingly used tool in online teaching. This study uses Laurillard's (2013) Conversational Framework to evaluate the effectiveness of breakout rooms in achieving learning through peer-to-peer dialogue in large-scale teaching.... Read More about Achieving online dialogic learning using breakout rooms..

A novel application of machine learning and zero-shot classification methods for automated abstract screening in systematic reviews. (2023)
Journal Article
MORENO-GARCIA, C.F., JAYNE, C., ELYAN, E. and ACEVES-MARTINS, M. 2023. A novel application of machine learning and zero-shot classification methods for automated abstract screening in systematic reviews. Decision analytics journal [online], 6, article 100162. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dajour.2023.100162

Zero-shot classification refers to assigning a label to a text (sentence, paragraph, whole paper) without prior training. This is possible by teaching the system how to codify a question and find its answer in the text. In many domains, especially he... Read More about A novel application of machine learning and zero-shot classification methods for automated abstract screening in systematic reviews..

Zero-error digitisation and contextualisation of piping and instrumentation diagrams using node classification and sub-graph search. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
RICA, E., ALVAREZ, S., MORENO-GARCIA, C.F. and SERRATOSA, F. 2022. Zero-error digitisation and contextualisation of piping and instrumentation diagrams using node classification and sub-graph search. In Krzyzak, A., Suen, C.Y., Torsello, A. and Nobile, N. (eds.) Structural, syntactic, and statistical pattern recognition: proceedings of the 2022 Joint International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR) international workshops on statistical techniques in pattern recognition, and structural and syntactic pattern recognition (S+SSPR 2022), 26-27 August 2022, Montréal, Canada. Lecture notes in computer science, 13813. Cham: Springer [online], pages 274-282. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23028-8_28

Thousands of huge printed sheets depicting engineering drawings keep record of complex industrial structures from Oil & Gas facilities. Currently, there is a trend of digitising these drawings, having as final end the regeneration of the original com... Read More about Zero-error digitisation and contextualisation of piping and instrumentation diagrams using node classification and sub-graph search..

Clinical dialogue transcription error correction using Seq2Seq models. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
NANAYAKKARA, G., WIRATURNGA, N., CORSAR, D., MARTIN, K. and WIJEKOON, A. 2022. Clinical dialogue transcription error correction using Seq2Seq models. In Shaban-Nejad, A., Michalowski, M. and Bianco, S. (eds.) Multimodal AI in healthcare: a paradigm shift in health intelligence; selected papers from the 6th International workshop on health intelligence (W3PHIAI-22), co-located with the 34th AAAI (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence) Innovative applications of artificial intelligence (IAAI-22), 28 February - 1 March 2022, [virtual event]. Studies in computational intelligence, 1060. Cham: Springer [online], pages 41-57. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-14771-5_4

Good communication is critical to good healthcare. Clinical dialogue is a conversation between health practitioners and their patients, with the explicit goal of obtaining and sharing medical information. This information contributes to medical decis... Read More about Clinical dialogue transcription error correction using Seq2Seq models..

Content type profiling of data-to-text generation datasets. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A. and MASSIE, S. 2022. Content type profiling of data-to-text generation datasets. In N. Calzolari, C.-R. Huang, H. Kim. et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 29th International conference on computational linguistics (COLING 2022), 12-17 October 2022, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea. Stroudsburg, PA: International Committee on Computational Linguistics [online], 29(1), pages 5770–5782. Available from: https://aclanthology.org/2022.coling-1.pdf

Data-to-Text Generation (D2T) problems can be considered as a stream of time-stamped events with a text summary being produced for each. The problem becomes more challenging when event summaries contain complex insights derived from multiple records... Read More about Content type profiling of data-to-text generation datasets..