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Parametric Iranian-Islamic muqarnas as drivers for design for fabrication and assembly via UAVs: parametric analysis and synthesis of Iranian-Islamic muqarnas.

Zamani, Erfan; Dounas, Theodoros

Authors



Contributors

Sherif Abdelmohsen
Editor

Tamer El-Khouly
Editor

Zaki Mallasi
Editor

Abstract

This study proposes a DfMA (from design to assembly) based on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and uses Iranian-Islamic Muqarnas as the case study due to their geometric modularity. In Islamic architecture, different geographic regions are known to have used various design and construction methods of Muqarnas. There are four main specifications of the Muqarnas that define to which category they belong; first, its three-dimensional shape, that provides volume. Secondly, the size of its modules is variable. Third, its specific generative algorithm. And finally, the 2-dimensional pattern plan that is used in the design. First, this study presents thus a global analytical study that drives a generative system to construct Muqarnas, through a careful balance of four specifications. In this second step, the paper reports the result of using a parametric tool, Grasshopper and parametric plugins, for creating a generative system of several types of Muqarnas. This synthetic translation aims at expanding our understanding of parametric analysis and synthesis of traditional architecture, advancing our understanding towards using parametric synthesis towards UAV-based fabrication of Muqarnas, by taking advantage of their inherent repetition and recursion.

Citation

ZAMANI, E. and DOUNAS, T. 2021. Parametric Iranian-Islamic muqarnas as drivers for design for fabrication and assembly via UAVs: parametric analysis and synthesis of Iranian-Islamic muqarnas. In Abdelmohsen, S., El-Khouly, T., Mallasi, Z. and Bennadji, A. (eds.). Architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges: proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design 2021 (ASCAAD 2021) [online], 2-4 March 2021, [virtual conference]. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 436-449. Hosted on CumInCad [online]. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/data/works/att/ascaad2021_050.pdf

Conference Name 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD) international conference 2021 (ASCAAD 2021: architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges
Conference Location [virtual conference]
Start Date Mar 2, 2021
End Date Mar 4, 2021
Acceptance Date Jan 5, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 4, 2021
Publication Date Mar 31, 2021
Deposit Date Sep 9, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 9, 2021
Publisher Robert Gordon University
ISBN 9781907349201
Keywords Muqarnas; Iranian-Islamic architecture; Generative system; Parametric architecture; UAV
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1447432
Publisher URL http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/paper/ascaad2021_050

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