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An assessment of renewable energy development in energy mix for Togo.

Kansongue, Nanimpo; Njuguna, James; Vertigans, Stephen



The Togolese government plans to achieve 100% electrification to all by 2030, to meet the Millennium goals. The Delphi method is used with the experts drawn from policymakers, academic institutions, financial institutions, non-governmental institutions, and private companies, and the results show that raising the renewable energy business share in Togo through accelerated access to small-scale solar photovoltaics and hydropower is the most feasible route for electrification. The monopoly, non-liberalization of the energy sector, and the lack of a trained workforce were identified as the main inhibitors for private investment. The study recommends the optimization of the system for better performance and the creation of local manufacturing plants to promote the national production of solar system components along the assembly lines.


KANSONGUE, N., NJUGUNA, J. and VERTIGANS, S. 2022. An assessment of renewable energy development in energy mix for Togo. International journal of sustainable energy [online], 41(8), pages 1037-1056. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 11, 2021
Online Publication Date Feb 2, 2022
Publication Date Sep 30, 2022
Deposit Date Jan 11, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 11, 2022
Journal International journal of sustainable energy
Print ISSN 1478-6451
Electronic ISSN 1478-646X
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 41
Issue 8
Pages 1037-1056
Keywords Renewable energy; Delphi method; Socio-economic development; Solar power; Hydropower; Rural communities; Togo; Solar energy; Water energy; Rural energy provision
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