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A review of recent advancements in offshore wind turbine technology.

Asim, Taimoor; Islam, Sheikh Zahidul; Hemmati, Arman; Khalid, Muhammad Saif Ullah


Arman Hemmati

Muhammad Saif Ullah Khalid


Offshore wind turbines are becoming increasingly popular due to their higher wind energy harnessing capabilities and lower visual pollution. Researchers around the globe have been reporting significant scientific advancements in offshore wind turbines technology, addressing key issues, such as aerodynamic characteristics of turbine blades, dynamic response of the turbine, structural integrity of the turbine foundation, design of the mooring cables, ground scouring and cost modelling for commercial viability. These investigations range from component-level design and analysis to system-level response and optimization using a multitude of analytical, empirical and numerical techniques. With such wide-ranging studies available in the public domain, there is a need to carry out an extensive yet critical literature review on the recent advancements in offshore wind turbine technology. Offshore wind turbine blades’ aerodynamics and the structural integrity of offshore wind turbines are of particular importance, which can lead towards system’s optimal design and operation, leading to reduced maintenance costs. Thus, in this study, our focus is to highlight key knowledge gaps in the scientific investigations on offshore wind turbines’ aerodynamic and structural response. It is envisaged that this study will pave the way for future concentrated efforts in better understanding the complex behavior of these machines.


ASIM, T., ISLAM, S.Z., HEMMATI, A. and KHALID, M.S.U. 2022. A review of recent advancements in offshore wind turbine technology. Energies [online], 15(2), article 579. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 10, 2022
Online Publication Date Jan 14, 2022
Publication Date Jan 31, 2022
Deposit Date Feb 1, 2022
Publicly Available Date Feb 1, 2022
Journal Energies
Electronic ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 2
Article Number 579
Keywords Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Finite element analysis (FEA); Floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT); Genetic algorithm (GA); Levelized cost of energy (LCoE); Maintenance; Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stoke (RANS); Structural integrity
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ASIM 2022 A review of recent (VOR) (1.9 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://

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