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The effects of strength and conditioning interventions on sprinting performance in team sport athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Murphy, Andrew; Burgess, Katherine; Hall, Andy J.; Aspe, Rodrigo R.; Swinton, Paul A.

Authors

Rodrigo R. Aspe



Abstract

Linear sprinting is a key determinant of athletic performance within team sports. The aims of the review were to quantify and compare the effectiveness of popular strength and conditioning (S&C) training modes to improve sprint performance in team sport athletes, with additional focus on potential moderators and the relationships between improvements in physical factors (e.g. strength, power and jump performance) and improvements in sprint performance. Inclusion was restricted to resistance, plyometric, sprint and combined training interventions comprising team sport athletes. Multi-level, Bayesian meta-analysis and meta-regression models conducted with standardised mean difference effect sizes were used to investigate training modes and potential moderators. Weighted regression models conducted on shrunken estimates from initial Bayesian meta-analyses were used to quantify relationships between improvements in physical factors and improvements in sprint performance. Certainty of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Similar improvements in sprint performance were obtained across training modes, with some evidence of the largest effects with resistance training (SMD_(Pre_0.5 )=0.55 [95%CrI:0.36-0.78; very low certainty]). A strong moderating effect of training intensity was identified across all training modes with evidence of greater improvements in sprint performance with high intensity training (β_(Low:High_0.5 )=0.17 [95%CrI:0.01-0.33; very low certainty]). Strong positive relationships were identified between improvements in all physical factors and sprint performance (β_Strength_0.5=0.56 [95%CrI:0.36-0.77; low certainty], β_Power_0.5=0.80 [95%CrI:0.50-1.0; low certainty], β_Jump_0.5=0.78 [95%CrI:0.57-0.97; low certainty]). The findings indicate that focus on developing speed in team sport athletes should be placed on S&C training with high intensities, including the use of resisted sprint training.

Citation

MURPHY, A., BURGESS, K., HALL, A.J., ASPE, R.R. and SWINTON, P.A. 2022. The effects of strength and conditioning interventions on sprinting performance in team sport athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of strength and conditioning research [online], (accepted).

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 23, 2022
Deposit Date Sep 27, 2022
Journal Journal of strength and conditioning research
Print ISSN 1064-8011
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords S&C; Strength; Power; Specificity; Transfer; Bayesian
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1764173
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of this document.