Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Resource efficient federated deep learning for IoT security monitoring.

Zakariyya, Idris; Kalutarage, Harsha; Al-Kadri, M. Omar


Idris Zakariyya

M. Omar Al-Kadri


Wenjuan Li

Steven Furnell

Weizhi Meng


Federated Learning (FL) uses a distributed Machine Learning (ML) concept to build a global model using multiple local models trained on distributed edge devices. A disadvantage of the FL paradigm is the requirement of many communication rounds before model convergence. As a result, there is a challenge for running on-device FL with resource-hungry algorithms such as Deep Neural Network (DNN), especially in the resource-constrained Internet of Things (IoT) environments for security monitoring. To address this issue, this paper proposes Resource Efficient Federated Deep Learning (REFDL) method. Our method exploits and optimizes Federated Averaging (Fed-Avg) DNN based technique to reduce computational resources consumption for IoT security monitoring. It utilizes pruning and simulated micro-batching in optimizing the Fed-Avg DNN for effective and efficient IoT attacks detection at distributed edge nodes. The performance was evaluated using various realistic IoT and non-IoT benchmark datasets on virtual and testbed environments build with GB-BXBT-2807 edge-computing-like devices. The experimental results show that the proposed method can reduce memory usage by 81% in the simulated environment of virtual workers compared to its benchmark counterpart. In the realistic testbed scenario, it saves 6% memory while reducing execution time by 15% without degrading accuracy.


ZAKARIYYA, I., KALUTARAGE, H. and AL-KADRI, M.O. 2022. Resource efficient federated deep learning for IoT security monitoring. In Li, W., Furnell, S. and Meng, W. (eds.) Attacks and defenses for the Internet-of-Things: revised selected papers from the 5th International workshop on Attacks and defenses for Internet-of-Things 2022 (ADIoT 2022), in conjunction with 27th European symposium on research in computer security 2022 (ESORICS 2022) 29-30 Septempber 2022, Copenhagen, Denmark. Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS), 13745. Cham: Springer [online], pages 122-142. Available from:

Start Date Sep 29, 2022
End Date Sep 30, 2022
Acceptance Date Aug 25, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 11, 2022
Publication Date Dec 31, 2022
Deposit Date Jan 12, 2023
Publicly Available Date Dec 12, 2023
Publisher Springer
Pages 122-142
Series Title Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS)
Series Number 13745
Series ISSN 0302-9743; 1611-3349
Book Title Attacks and defenses for the Internet-of-Things: proceedings of the 5th International workshop on Attacks and defenses for Internet-of-Things 2022 (ADIoT 2022)
ISBN 9783031213106
Keywords Deep Neural Network (DNN); Distributed machine learning; Edge devices; Federated learning (FL); Internet of Things (IoT); Security monitoring
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations