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Modelling hydrate deposition in gas-dominant subsea pipelines in operating and shutdown scenarios.

Umuteme, Oghenethoja Monday; Islam, Sheikh Zahidul; Hossain, Mamdud; Karnik, Aditya


Oghenethoja Monday Umuteme


This study addresses a significant research gap related to hydrate formation in subsea gas pipelines, with a specific focus on deposition rates during shutdown scenarios, which has received limited attention in previous studies. Past research has employed various methodologies - including experimental, analytical and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approaches - to predict hydrate formation conditions, but none have tackled the prediction of hydrate deposition during shutdowns. In this study, we employ a multiple linear regression modeling approach using the MATLAB regression learner app. Four distinct regression models were developed using data generated from 81 CFD simulations, utilising a 10 m length by 0.0204 m diameter 3D horizontal pipe model in Ansys Fluent, as previously developed. Through cross-validation against experimental data, the standard linear regression model emerged as the most reliable choice for predicting hydrate deposition rates, providing predictions within ±10% uncertainty bounds of experimental results, up to pressures of 8.8 MPa at hydrate-forming temperatures. The uniqueness of this new model lies in its ability to estimate the risk of hydrate deposition in subsea gas pipelines, especially with low gas flow rates and during shutdown periods, which are critical for maintenance planning. Furthermore, by estimating depositional volumes, the model predicts hydrate slurry volumes at receiving facilities, contributing to energy sustainability and benefiting gas transport pipeline operators, particularly in aging gas fields with declining production.


UMUTEME, O.M., ISLAM, S.Z., HOSSAIN, M. and KARNIK, A. 2023. Modelling hydrate deposition in gas-dominant subsea pipelines in operating and shutdown scenarios. Sustainability [online], 15(18), article number 13824. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 9, 2023
Online Publication Date Sep 16, 2023
Publication Date Sep 30, 2023
Deposit Date Sep 21, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 21, 2023
Journal Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 18
Article Number 13824
Keywords Hydrate deposition rate; Gas pipelines; Linear regression modelling; Computational fluid dynamics; Pipeline diameter; Subcooling temperature
Public URL


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