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An improved packing equivalent circuit modeling method with the cell-to-cell consistency state evaluation of the internal connected lithium-ion batteries.

Wang, Shun-Li; Shi, Jian-You; Fernandez, Carlos; Zou, Chuan-Yun; Bai, De-Kui; Li, Jian-Chao

Authors

Shun-Li Wang

Jian-You Shi

Carlos Fernandez

Chuan-Yun Zou

De-Kui Bai

Jian-Chao Li



Abstract

The existing equivalent modeling methods reported in literature focuses mainly on the battery cells and do not take the packing consistency state into consideration, which exists on the internal connected cells of the lithium-ion battery pack. An improved equivalent circuit model is constructed and reported in this manuscript for the first time, which can be used to characterize the working characteristics of the packing lithium-ion batteries. A new equilibrium concept named as state of balance is proposed as well as the calculation process, which is realized by considering the real-time detected internal battery cell voltages. In addition, this new equilibrium concept aims to obtain more information on the real-time consistency characterization of the battery pack. The improved adaptive equivalent circuit model is investigated by using the improved splice modeling method, in which the statistical noise properties are corrected and the additional parallel resistance-capacitance circuit is introduced. The parameter correction treatment is carried out by comparing the estimated and experimental detected closed circuit voltages. Furthermore, the tracking error is found to be 0.005 V and accounts for 0.119% of the nominal battery voltage. By taking the packing consistency state and temperature correction into consideration, the accurate working characteristic expression is realized in the improved equivalent circuit modeling process. Finally, the model proposed in this manuscript presents a great number of advantages compared to other methods reported so far, like has the high accuracy, and the ability to protect the security of the lithium-ion battery pack in the power supply application.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 30, 2019
Journal Energy Science & Engineering
Print ISSN 2050-0505
Electronic ISSN 2050-0505
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 2
Pages 546-556
Institution Citation WANG, S.-L., SHI, J.-Y., FERNANDEZ, C., ZOU, C.-Y., BAI, D.-K. and LI, J.-C. 2019. An improved packing equivalent circuit modeling method with the cell-to-cell consistency state evaluation of the internal connected lithium-ion batteries. Energy science and engineering [online], 7(2), pages 546-556. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/ese3.294
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ese3.294
Keywords Equivalent circuit modeling; Lithium-ion battery; Packing equivalent; State of balance; Temperature correction; Thevenin

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