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Comparison of operational effectiveness of a turbocharger volute.

Zala, Karina; Asim, Taimoor; Baker, Paul; Ubbi, Kuldip; Mishra, Rakesh


Karina Zala

Paul Baker

Kuldip Ubbi

Rakesh Mishra


Centrifugal compressors are commonly used across a wide range of applications such as in the automotive industry for engine turbocharging. A turbocharger has four main components i.e. inducer, impeller, diffuser and volute. Turbocharger volutes are commonly designed by neglecting the effects of friction, however, in the real-world, frictional effects have a significant influence on the performance and efficiency of the volute and the turbocharger. This study focuses on the operational effectiveness of the turbocharger volute, making use of two asymmetric type volute models that have been designed for high-pressure centrifugal compressors. For this purpose, advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based techniques have been employed. Three dimensional models of the turbocharger compressor stage have been developed and analysed by monitoring the pressure fluctuations through the volutes. Incorporating frictional effects has been noticed to have prominent influence downstream of the tongue, in the tail of the turbocharger compressor volute. This study shows that designing the turbocharger volute, by overlooking the frictional effects, results in an overestimation of the pressure fluctuations observed within the volute. Therefore, from an operations perspective, it is beneficial to design the volute incorporating frictional effects for high-pressure centrifugal compressor applications.


ZALA, K., ASIM, T., BAKER, P., UBBI, K. and MISHRA, R. 2019. Comparison of operational effectiveness of a turbocharger volute. Presented at the 5th eMaintenance conference 2019, 14-15 May 2019, Stockholm, Sweden.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Conference Name 5th eMaintenance conference 2019
Conference Location Stockholm, Sweden
Start Date May 14, 2019
End Date May 15, 2019
Deposit Date May 14, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jun 14, 2019
Keywords Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Turbocharger; Centrifugal compressor; Volute
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