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What are the barriers and drivers toward BIM adoption in Nigeria?

Hamma-adama, Mansur; Kouider, Tahar


Mansur Hamma-adama


Miroslaw J. Skibniewski

Miklos Hajdu


The ‘digitalization and collaboration’ or Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the construction industry has been gaining momentum in the recent academic engagements. Despite its existence in many industries (i.e. publishing, retailing, financial and travel services) for over a decade, the construction industry is yet to catch up with them. This is due to several challenges whose existence are more dynamic and perhaps generic than static to various countries. The challenges are mostly defined, but their impacts are frequently varied with boundaries; and the same applied to drivers toward a successful BIM adoption. This study aims to establish barriers and drivers to adopting BIM across Nigerian construction industry professions for synchronization and collective engagements. Primary data was fetched from professional stakeholders (Architects, Engineers, Builders, Quantity Surveyors, Project Managers and Planners) using online structured questionnaire. A total of 68 valid responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study reveals a significant improvement in awareness level with much better adoption rate; however, the utilization level remain very limited due to lack of clarity, knowledge and guide. Lack of expertise within organizations and within project team as well as lack of standardization and protocols (in descending order) were found as significant barriers to BIM adoption. On the other hand, availability of trained professionals to handle BIM tools, proof of cost savings by its adoption and the BIM software affordability (in descending order) were found as the significant drivers to achieving a quick and effective BIM adoption. Recommendations were made based on the study findings.


HAMMA-ADAMA, M. and KOUIDER, T. 2019. What are the barriers and drivers towards BIM adoption in Nigeria? In Skibniewski, M.J. and Hajdu, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2019 Creative construction conference (CCC 2019), 29 June – 2 July 2019, Budapest, Hungary. Budapest: Diamond Congress Ltd [online], pages 529-539. Available from:

Conference Name 2019 Creative construction conference (CCC 2019)
Conference Location Budapest, Hungary
Start Date Jun 29, 2019
End Date Jul 2, 2019
Acceptance Date May 9, 2019
Online Publication Date Jul 31, 2019
Publication Date Jul 31, 2019
Deposit Date May 10, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 27, 2019
Publisher Diamond Congress
Pages 529-536
ISBN 9786155270567
Keywords Adoption; Barriers; BIM; Construction; Drivers; Nigeria
Public URL
Publisher URL


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