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Effect of fibre configurations on mechanical properties of flax/tannin composites.

Zhu, J.; Njuguna, J.; Abhyankar, H.; Zhu, H.; Perreux, D.; Thiebaud, F.; Chapelle, D.; Pizzi, A.; Sauget, A.; de Larminat, A.; Nicollin, A.


J. Zhu

H. Abhyankar

H. Zhu

D. Perreux

F. Thiebaud

D. Chapelle

A. Pizzi

A. Sauget

A. de Larminat

A. Nicollin


Flax reinforced tannin-based composites have a potential to be used in vehicle applications due to the environmental advantages and good mechanical properties. In this paper, the effects of fibre configuration on mechanical properties of flax/tannin composites were investigated for nonwoven and woven fabric lay-up angles (UD, [0°, 90°]2 and [0°, +45°, 90°, -45°]2). The tannin/flax composites were prepared by compression moulding. The manufactured specimens were then characterized for quasi-static tensile properties, dynamic mechanical properties and low-energy impact performance. Failure mechanism was further investigated using microscopy and demonstrated the need for further adhesion improvements. The study shows that the UD fabric reinforced composite performs better in tensile strength and modulus whereas [0°, +45°, 90°, -45°]2 composite provides the best impact energy absorption performance.


ZHU, J., NJUGUNA, J., ABHYANKAR, H., ZHU, H., PERREUX, D., THIEBAUD, F., CHAPELLE, D., PIZZI, A., SAUGET, A., DE LARMINAT, A. and NICOLLIN, A. 2013. Effect of fibre configurations on mechanical properties of flax/tannin composites. Industrial crops and products [online], 50, pages 68-76. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 21, 2013
Online Publication Date Aug 2, 2013
Publication Date Oct 31, 2013
Deposit Date Apr 19, 2016
Publicly Available Date Apr 19, 2016
Journal Industrial crops and products
Print ISSN 0926-6690
Electronic ISSN 1872-633X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 50
Pages 68-76
Keywords Laminate; Flax fibre; Biocomposite; Tannin; Compression moulding
Public URL


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