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Effect of nanofillers on low energy impact performance of sandwich structures with nanoreinforced polyurethane foam cores.

Sachse, Sophia; Poruri, Manohar; Silva, Francesco; Michalowski, Slawomir; Pielichowski, Krzysztof; Njuguna, James

Authors

Sophia Sachse

Manohar Poruri

Francesco Silva

Slawomir Michalowski

Krzysztof Pielichowski

James Njuguna



Abstract

Sandwich panels were fabricated with nanoclay-filled polyurethane foams and glass fiber-reinforced polyamide and polypropylenes face sheets. Nanoclay-filled foam cores, with organophilic montmorillonite loadings of 0-10?wt%, were synthesized through polyaddition of the polyol premix with 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, and bound to the injected molded face sheets. Produced sandwich structures were then subjected to low energy impact (15?J) tests under localized point and surface loads, in an instrumented impact test setup. Additionally, quasi-static compressive behavior of the sandwiches panels was studied. The results showed that the addition of nanoclay in the polyurethane foam core improved both energy absorption and maximal deflection during impact. The improvement in energy absorption was between 66% and 92% for polypropylenes face sheet sandwiches and 23% and 34% for the polyamide face sheet sandwiches during point load. Furthermore, an increase in the compression modulus of 20-37% was recorded for the sandwiches with polyamide face sheets.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2014
Journal Journal of sandwich structures and materials
Print ISSN 1099-6362
Electronic ISSN 1530-7972
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 2
Pages 173-194
Institution Citation SACHSE, S., PORURI, M., SILVA, F., MICHALOWSKI, S., PIELICHOWSKI, K. and NJUGUNA, J. 2014. Effect of nanofillers on low energy impact performance of sandwich structures with nanoreinforced polyurethane foam cores. Journal of sandwich structures and materials [online], 16(2), pages 173-194. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1099636213512497
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1099636213512497
Keywords Nanocomposites; Sandwich structures; Polyurethane core; Low energy impact; Damage

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