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Neutron diffraction residual strain measurements of molybdenum carbide-based solid oxide fuel cell anode layers with metal oxides on Hastelloy X.

Faisal, Nadimul Haque; Ahmed, Rehan; Prathuru, Anil Kumar; Katikaneni, Sai P.; Goosen, Mattheus F.A.; Zhang, Shu Yan

Authors

Rehan Ahmed

Anil Kumar Prathuru

Sai P. Katikaneni

Mattheus F.A. Goosen

Shu Yan Zhang



Abstract

Thermal spray deposition processes impart residual stress in layered Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) materials and hence influence the durability and efficiency of the cell. The current study which is the first of its kind, reports results on using a neutron diffraction technique, to non-destructively evaluate the through thickness strain measurement in plasma sprayed (as-sprayed) anode layer coatings on Hastelloy{reg}X substrate. Through thickness neutron diffraction residual strain measurements has been done on three different anode coatings (Mo-Mo2C/Al2O3, Mo-Mo2C/ZrO2 and Mo-Mo2C/TiO2) using the vertical scan mode. The three anode coatings (developed through optimized process parameters) investigated had porosities as high as 20%, with thicknesses between 200 {aelig}m to 300 {aelig}m deposited on 4.76 mm thick Hastelloy{reg}X substrate discs of 20 mm diameter. The results show that the through thickness residual strain in all three anodes was different for different crystallographic planes but was on average it was tensile. Other measurements includes X-ray diffraction, nanoindentation and SEM microscopy. As the anode layer microstructures are complex (includes bi-layer alternate phases), non-destructive characterisation of residual strain, e.g. using neutron diffraction, provides a useful measure of through thickness strain profile without altering the stress field in the SOFC electrode assembly.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 30, 2018
Journal Experimental mechanics
Print ISSN 0014-4851
Electronic ISSN 1741-2765
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 58
Issue 4
Pages 585-603
Institution Citation FAISAL, N.H., AHMED, R., PRATHURU, A.K., KATIKANENI, S.P., GOOSEN, M.F.A. and ZHANG, S-Y. 2018. Neutron diffraction residual strain measurements of molybdenum carbide-based solid oxide fuel cell anode layers with metal oxides on Hastelloy X. Experimental mechanics [online], 58(4), pages 585-603. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-017-0298-7
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-017-0298-7
Keywords SOFC; Neutron scattering; Residual strain; Plasma spray; Nanoindentation

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