Kate V. Atkinson
Influenza C in Lancaster, UK, in the winter of 2014-2015.
Atkinson, Kate V.; Bishop, Lisa A.; Rhodes, Glenn; Salez, Nicolas; McEwan, Neil R.; Hegarty, Matthew J.; Robey, Julie; Harding, Nicola; Wetherell, Simon; Lauder, Robert M.; Pickup, Roger W.; Wilkinson, Mark; Gatherer, Derek
Lisa A. Bishop
Neil R. McEwan
Matthew J. Hegarty
Robert M. Lauder
Roger W. Pickup
Influenza C is not included in the annual seasonal influenza vaccine, and has historically been regarded as a minor respiratory pathogen. However, recent work has highlighted its potential role as a cause of pneumonia in infants. We performed nasopharyngeal or nasal swabbing and/or serum sampling (n=148) in Lancaster, UK, over the winter of 2014-2015. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we obtain seropositivity of 77%. By contrast, only 2 individuals, both asymptomatic adults, were influenza C-positive by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Deep sequencing of nasopharyngeal samples produced partial sequences for 4 genome segments in one of these patients. Bayesian phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the influenza C genome from this individual is evolutionarily distant to those sampled in recent years and represents a novel genome constellation, indicating that it may be a product of a decades-old reassortment event. Although we find no evidence that influenza C was a significant respiratory pathogen during the winter of 2014-2015 in Lancaster, we confirm previous observations of seropositivity in the majority of the population.
ATKINSON, K.V., BISHOP, L.A., RHODES, G., SALEZ, N., MCEWAN, N.R., HEGARTY, M.J., ROBEY, J., HARDING, N., WETHERELL, S., LAUDER, R.M., PICKUP, R.W., WILKINSON, M. and GATHERER, D. 2017. Influenza C in Lancaster, UK, in the winter of 2014-2015. Scientific reports [online], 7, article number 46578. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46578
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Mar 17, 2017|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 13, 2017|
|Publication Date||May 26, 2017|
|Deposit Date||Apr 3, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 3, 2018|
|Publisher||Nature Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Influenza virus; Viral evolution; Respiratory pathogen|
ATKINSON 2017 Influenza C in Lancaster
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