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Physical characteristics of nanoparticles emitted during drilling of silica based polyamide 6 nanocomposites.

Sachse, Sophia; Silva, Francesco; Irfan, Adeel; Zhu, Huijun; Pielichowski, Krzysztof; Leszczynska, Agnieszka; Blazquez, Maria; Kazmina, Olga; Kuzmenko, Oleksandr; Njuguna, James

Authors

Sophia Sachse

Francesco Silva

Adeel Irfan

Huijun Zhu

Krzysztof Pielichowski

Agnieszka Leszczynska

Maria Blazquez

Olga Kazmina

Oleksandr Kuzmenko



Abstract

During the past decade, polymer nanocomposites have emerged as a novel and rapidly developing class of materials and attracted considerable investment in research and development worldwide. However, there is currently a lack of information available in the literature on the emission rates of particles from these material. In this study, real-time characterization of the size distribution and number concentration of sub-micrometer-sized particles (5.6-512 nm) emitted from polyamide 6 nanocomposites during mechanical drilling was made. For the first time, four different silica based filler of commonly use were assessed. Further, the respective emission rates were determined based on the particle population and the time. The measurements showed that the particle emission rates ranged from 1.16E+07 (min−1) to 1.03E+09 (min−1) and that the peak diameters varied from 29.6 to 75.1 nm. Airborne particles in the nanometer range (11.1-46.8 nm), in the ultrafine range (51.3-101.1 nm) and in the accumulation mode range (111.9-521 nm) accounted for 34.1% to 76.6%, 8.3% to 47% and 4.1% to 24.2% of the total emission rates, respectively, depending on the type of filler. Additionally, deposited particles were sampled and characterized, to explore any possible correlation between deposited and airborne particles. The result clearly showed that with increasing airborne particle concentration the deposit particle concentration decreased and vice verse.

Citation

SACHSE, S., SILVA, F., IRFAN, A., ZHU, H., PIELICHOWSKI, K., LESZCZYNSKA, A., BLAZQUEZ, M., KAZMINA, O., KUZMENKO, O. and NJUGUNA, J. 2012. Physical characteristics of nanoparticles emitted during drilling of silica based polyamide 6 nanocomposites. IOP conference series: materials science and engineering [online], 40(1): proceedings of 2012 international conference on Structural nano composites (NANOSTRUC 2012), 2-4 July 2012, Cranfield, UK, article 012012. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/40/1/012012

Journal Article Type Conference Paper
Conference Name 2012 international conference on Structural nano composites (NANOSTRUC 2012)
Conference Location Cranfield, UK
Acceptance Date Aug 9, 2012
Online Publication Date Sep 13, 2012
Publication Date Dec 31, 2012
Deposit Date Dec 15, 2014
Publicly Available Date Dec 15, 2014
Journal IOP conference series: materials science and engineering
Print ISSN 1757-8981
Electronic ISSN 1757-899X
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue 1
Article Number 012012
DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/40/1/012012
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/1096

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