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The effect of matrix and reinforcement material selection on the tensile properties of hybrid composites.

Silva, Francesco; Sachse, Sophia; Zhu, Huijun; Pielichowski, Krzysztof; Leszczy?ska, Agnieszka; Njuguna, James

Authors

Francesco Silva

Sophia Sachse

Huijun Zhu

Krzysztof Pielichowski

Agnieszka Leszczy?ska



Abstract

In order to develop advanced materials as lightweight structures three-phased composites were prepared using nano-fillers, nano-silica (nano-SiO2) and nano-clay and micro glass-spheres to reinforce two kinds of glass-fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrices, polypropylene (PP) and polyamide (PA6). These novel composites were examined for: 1) morphological property using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction; 2) the nature of surface fracture using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM); and 3) the mechanical property using Instron 5500R universal testing machine. The results showed that for glass-fibre-PA6 composites, the addition of MMT and glass-spheres enhanced the stiffness, whereas the addition of nano-SiO2 increased the maximum elongation. In contrast the addition of the secondary filler had little effect on the mechanical properties of PP composites.

Citation

SILVA, F., SACHSE, S., ZHU, H., PIELICHOWSKI, K., LESZCZYNSKA, A. and NJUGUNA, J. 2014. The effect of matrix and reinforcement material selection on the tensile properties of hybrid composites. Journal of sustainable mobility, 1(1), pages 37-52. Available from: https://doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.2350.2014.00005

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 1, 2014
Online Publication Date May 1, 2014
Publication Date May 31, 2014
Deposit Date Dec 18, 2014
Publicly Available Date Dec 18, 2014
Journal Journal of sustainable mobility
Print ISSN 2053-2350
Publisher Greenleaf Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Issue 1
Pages 37-52
DOI https://doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.2350.2014.00005
Keywords Injection moulding; Nanocomposites; Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs); Short-fibre composites
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/1106

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