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Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages.

Leon, M.; Laing, R.; Malins, J.; Salman, H.


M. Leon

R. Laing

J. Malins


L. Mahjoubi

C.A. Brebbia

Richard Laing


This paper presents the application of a Conceptual Design Stages Protocol during feasibility stages within a multidisciplinary design team, for the purpose of bridging the gap between ideas generation and their representation in later and more advanced design stages. Increased effort during the early and conceptual design is a prerequisite for effective and sustainable overall design and construction. Consequently, shift of the effort towards feasibility stages aims to tackle problems with workflow, education and organisation of design teams at the very beginning of a project. Furthermore, the application of an organised process during conceptual design could further support a multi-party agreement, hence enhancing the potentials of collaboration and coordination for the entirety of a project. This paper demonstrates the Conceptual Design Stages Protocol as an organised process encompassing different professionals, technologies and means for communication that has been tested in a conceptual stage study and the outcomes have been incorporated within BIM. The impact of this Protocol on designers cognitive, physical, perceptual and collaborative actions is presented and the first pre-BIM Protocol is established. This was a paper presented at the International Conference on Building Information Modelling (BIM) in Design, Construction and Operations, held in Bristol, 9-11 September 2015.


LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J. and SALMAN, H.S. 2015. Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press, pages 205-216.

Online Publication Date Sep 30, 2015
Publication Date Dec 31, 2015
Deposit Date Oct 19, 2015
Publicly Available Date Oct 19, 2015
Publisher WIT Press
Pages 205-216
Series Title WIT transactions on the built environment
Book Title Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations
ISBN 9781845649142
Keywords Conceptual design stages protocol; PreBIM stages; Multidisciplinary collaboration; Multiparty agreement
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