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Effect of multilayered nanostructures on the physico-mechanical properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-based hybrid nanocomposites.

Khobragade, Prashant S.; Hansora, D.P.; Naik, Jitendra B.; Njuguna, James; Mishra, Satyendra


Prashant S. Khobragade

D.P. Hansora

Jitendra B. Naik

Satyendra Mishra


Exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) and Mg-Al-layered double hydroxides (LDHs) nanostructures (LDHs@GO)-filled ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)-based hybrid nanocomposites were prepared by solution reflux technique followed by injection molding. The physico-mechanical (including morphological, thermal, and mechanical) properties of LDHs@GO-based-layered nanostructures and EVA/LDHs@GO (0-1 wt%)-based hybrid nanocomposites were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide and low angle X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and mechanical (tensile and elongation at break) testing. The morphological studies revealed that LDHs sheets were homogeneously inserted in between GO sheets, while LDHs@GO-based-layered nanostructures were found to be easily exfoliated in EVA/LDHs@GO hybrid nanocomposites up to 0.7 wt% loading after which agglomeration occurred. The thermal stability of the hybrid nanocomposites was found to be improved at highest LDHs@GO loading of 0.7 wt%. Mechanical properties (tensile strength and elongation at break) of the hybrid nanocomposites were observed to be enhanced by 70 and 80%, respectively, at LDHs@GO loading of 0.7 wt% and highest values of mechanical properties were obtained. Though, the morphological, thermal, and mechanical properties of the composites were improved, the FTIR analysis did not reveal any chemical interaction between EVA and the LDHs@GO-based-layered nanostructures. From the overall results, it is obvious that a significant synergism was observed in terms of morphological, thermal, and mechanical properties of EVA/LDHs@GO hybrid nanocomposites with optimum (less than 1 wt%) loading of LDHs@GO-based-layered nanostructures.


KHOBRAGADE, P.S., HANSORA, D.P., NAIK, J.B., NJUGUNA, J. and MISHRA, S. 2018. Effect of multilayered nanostructures on the physico-mechanical properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-based hybrid nanocomposites. Polymer composites [online], 39(10), pages 3519-3527. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 22, 2017
Online Publication Date Apr 12, 2017
Publication Date Oct 31, 2018
Deposit Date May 18, 2017
Publicly Available Date Apr 13, 2018
Journal Polymer composites
Print ISSN 0272-8397
Electronic ISSN 1548-0569
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 10
Pages 3519-3527
Keywords Layered nanostructures; Mechanism; Hybrid nanocomposites; Properties
Public URL


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