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Improved design of a multi-stage continuous-resistance trim for minimum energy loss in control valves.

Asim, Taimoor; Oliveira, Antonio; Charlton, Matthew; Mishra, Rakesh


Antonio Oliveira

Matthew Charlton

Rakesh Mishra


Control valves used in energy systems are often integrated with trims having well designed flow paths to regulate fluid flow. These trims, known as multi-stage continuous-resistance trims, comprise of staggered arrangement of circular cylinders enabling pressure drop reduction in controlled stages. The trim design process currently used doesn't ensure good local flow characteristics and relies almost entirely on the global performance indicators. The existing design largely ignores the effects of geometrical features of the trim, resulting in severe performance issues locally. In the present investigation, unique geometry-dependant local flow parameters have been analysed, using Computational Fluid Dynamics, and integrated with the global performance indicators to develop an improved trim design. Novel geometry and flow based parameters have been developed that uniquely relate the local flow behaviour within the trims to their corresponding geometrical parameters. It has been observed that the change in geometrical parameters of the trim significantly affects trim's performance, for example, reduction in the cylinders’ dimensions, under same operating conditions, reduces the normalised pressure drop, flow velocity and energy by 28.4%, 26.8% and 37.9% respectively. The work highlights the need for modification in existing trim design methodology.


ASIM, T., OLIVEIRA, A., CHARLTON, M. and MISHRA, R. 2019. Improved design of a multi-stage continuous-resistance trim for minimum energy loss in control valves. Energy [online], 174, pages 954-971. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 9, 2019
Publication Date May 1, 2019
Deposit Date Dec 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Dec 20, 2019
Journal Energy
Print ISSN 0360-5442
Electronic ISSN 1873-6785
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 174
Pages 954-971
Keywords Control valves; Computational fluid dynamics; Continuous-resistance trims; Local flow behaviour; Pressure drop
Public URL


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