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Computational fluid dynamics based optimal design of vertical axis marine current turbines.

Asim, Taimoor; Mishra, Rakesh; Ubbi, Kuldip; Zala, Karina


Rakesh Mishra

Kuldip Ubbi

Karina Zala


Marine turbines are being increasingly used to harness kinetic energy of water and convert it into other useful forms of energy. Widespread commercial acceptability of these machines depends upon their efficiency. This largely depends upon the geometric features of the marine turbines such as number of blades, shape of blades etc. Researchers have been using experimental facilities to optimise these machines for maximum power generation. With the advent of advanced computational techniques, it has now become possible to numerically simulate the flow of water in the vicinity of marine turbines and monitor their performance output. In this work Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based techniques have been used to analyse the effects of number of blades within the stator and rotor, of an in-house built Vertical Axis Marine Current Turbine (VAMCT), on the performance output of the turbine. Furthermore, an effort has been put forward towards better understanding of the flow structure in the vicinity of the blades during transient interaction between rotor and stator blades. This study provides vital information with regards to the flow sensors’ requirements and placements in order to monitor various blade configurations of a VAMCT in real world. The results of this study show that the torque output from a VAMCT is a strong function of blade configurations and there is a significant degradation in the performance output of marine turbines as the inequality between the number of rotor and stator blades increases. Hence, CFD has the potential to optimise the design of marine turbines and can be used as a potential modelling tool in the near future for on-line health monitoring of such systems.


ASIM, T., MISHRA, R., UBBI, K. and ZALA, K. 2013. Computational fluid dynamics based optimal design of vertical axis marine current turbines. Procedia CIRP [online], 11: proceedings of 2nd Through-life engineering services international conference 2013 (TESConf 2013), 5-6 November 2013, Cranfield, UK, pages 323-327. Available from:

Journal Article Type Conference Paper
Conference Name 2nd Through-life engineering services international conference 2013 (TESConf 2013)
Conference Location Cranfield, UK.
Acceptance Date Jul 29, 2013
Online Publication Date Sep 27, 2013
Publication Date Dec 31, 2013
Deposit Date Jun 4, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jun 4, 2021
Journal Procedia CIRP
Print ISSN 2212-8271
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Pages 323-327
Keywords Vertical axis marine current turbine (VAMCT); Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Torque output; Tip speed ratio
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