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Tracking and estimation of surgical tool relative-pose and angle based on the vision system for surgical robot. (2024)
Presentation / Conference
MUTHUKRISHNAN, R., KANNAN, S., ZHAO, Y. and PRABHU, R. 2024. Tracking and estimation of surgical tool relative-pose and angle based on the vision system for sugical robot. Poster presented at the 3rd Medical device manufacturing centre annual conference 2024 (MDMC 2024), 23 May 2024, Glasgow, UK.

This research presents a Virtual Dynamic Tri crossbar and a Virtual Stable Graph (VDT VSG) which simplifies the task of tracing the needle angle and location in 2 D plane. In addition, Virtual Dynamic Line (helps to quantify the displacement between... Read More about Tracking and estimation of surgical tool relative-pose and angle based on the vision system for surgical robot..

Proposing an approach for the diffusion of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs): a case study. (2024)
Journal Article
AWUKU, S.A., BENNADJI, A., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., PRABHU, R. and SELLAMI, N. 2024. Proposing an approach for the diffusion of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs): a case study. New energy exploitation and application [online], 3(1), pages 8-26. Available from: https://doi.org/10.54963/neea.v3i1.196

Consistent probing into building integrity has led to the exploration of clean energy options such as building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV). BIPV has proven to be aesthetically pleasing, architecturally feasible and capable of making buildings ener... Read More about Proposing an approach for the diffusion of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs): a case study..

Performance and energy modelling for a low energy acoustic network for the underwater Internet of Things. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FOUGH, N., ERDOGAN, N. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Performance and energy modelling for a low energy acoustic network for the underwater Internet of Things. In Proceedings of the 2023 IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) International workshop on Metrology for the sea (MetroSea 2023); learning to measure sea health parameters, 4-6 October 2023, Valletta, Malta. Piscataway: IEEE [online], pages 110-115. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/MetroSea58055.2023.10317266

As the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to find new applications, there is academic and industrial interest in expanding these concepts to the oceanic environment where data is traditionally challenging to communicate wirelessly, establishing an Un... Read More about Performance and energy modelling for a low energy acoustic network for the underwater Internet of Things..

Fuzzy logic, edge enabled underwater video surveillance through partially wireless optical communication. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Fuzzy logic, edge enabled underwater video surveillance through partially wireless optical communication. In Bouma, H., Dijk, J., Prabhu, R., Stokes, R.J. and Yitzhaky, Y. (eds.) Artificial intelligence for security and defence applications: proceedings of the 2023 SPIE joint Remote sensing and Security + defence conference (SPIE Sensor + Imaging 2023), 3-7 September 2023, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Proceedings of SPIE, 12742. Bellingham, WA: SPIE [online], paper 127420A. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2685278

Underwater surveillance is inherently tricky to achieve. Even in the clearest waters, the visibility tends to be in the range of tens of meters. Normally, tethered Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) with underwater cameras are used for underwater imag... Read More about Fuzzy logic, edge enabled underwater video surveillance through partially wireless optical communication..

Vision based relative position estimation in surgical robotics. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MUTHUKRISHNAN, R., KANNAN, S., PRABHU, R., ZHAO, Y., BHOWMICK, P. and HASAN, M.J. 2023. Vision based relative position estimation in surgical robotics. In Proceedings of the 2023 Network, multimedia and information technology international conference (NMITCON 2023), 1-2 September 2023, Bengaluru, India. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article number 10275973. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/NMITCON58196.2023.10275973

Teleoperation-based Robotic-Assisted Minimally In-vasive Surgery (RAMIS) has gained immense popularity in medical field. However, limited physical interaction between the surgeon and patient poses a significant challenge. In RAMIS, the surgeon operat... Read More about Vision based relative position estimation in surgical robotics..

Decision-support for decommissioning offshore platforms. (2023)
Thesis
EKE, E.C. 2023. Decision-support for decommissioning offshore platforms. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-2270718

An estimated 2,500 offshore decommissioning projects are expected to be completed between 2018 and 2040 with significant accompanying challenges. In this research, a decision model for decommissioning offshore platforms is developed. The decommission... Read More about Decision-support for decommissioning offshore platforms..

Optical-fibre based sensors for monitoring offshore floating photovoltaic farms. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., JOSEPH, C.S.J., JOHNY, J., ERDOGAN, N., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Optical fibre-based sensors for monitoring offshore floating photovoltaic farms. In Proceedings of 2023 IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society conference and exposition (OCEANS 2023): blue ocean planet earth, 5-8 June 2023, Limerick, Ireland. Piscataway: IEEE [online], document number 10244737. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/OCEANSLimerick52467.2023.10244737

Solar photovoltaic farms are seeing increasing expansion into new domains (offshore) in order to harvest the sunlight as society pushes towards reaching Net Zero by 2050. However, photovoltaics are bound by physics, parameters such as temperature and... Read More about Optical-fibre based sensors for monitoring offshore floating photovoltaic farms..

Multimodal, software defined networking for subsea sensing and monitoring. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Multimodal, software defined networking for subsea sensing and monitoring. In Proceedings of the 2023 IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society conference and exposition (OCEANS 2023): blue ocean planet earth, 5-8 June 2023, Limerick, Ireland. Piscataway: IEEE [online], document number 10244664. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/OCEANSLimerick52467.2023.10244664

The prevalence of oceanic industry and ocean borne interests has given rise to the concept of the Underwater Internet of Things as a vector for automation and data analytics in an environment hostile to anthropomorphic activity. Through the Internet... Read More about Multimodal, software defined networking for subsea sensing and monitoring..

Detecting and tracking the position of suspicious objects using vision system. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MUTHUKRISHNAN, R., KANNAN, S., PRABHU, R., ZHAO, Y. and BHOWMICK, P. 2023. Detecting and tracking the position of suspicious objects using vision system. In Bouma, H., Dijk, J., Prabhu, R., Stokes, R.J. and Yitzhaky, Y. (eds.) Artificial intelligence for security and defence applications: 2023 proceedings of the SPIE (International Society of Optics and photonics) Security and defence conference, 4-5 September 2023, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Proceedings of the SPIE, 12742. Bellingham, WA: SPIE [online], article ID 127420C. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2679801

Vision-based object tracking is crucial for both civil and military applications. A range of hazards to cyber safety, vital infrastructure, and public privacy are posed by the rise of drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). As a result, identifyin... Read More about Detecting and tracking the position of suspicious objects using vision system..

Tracking and estimation of surgical instrument position and angle in surgical robot using vision system. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
MUTHUKRISHNAN, R., KANNAN, S., PRABHU, R., ZHAO, Y., BHOWMICK, P. and HASAN, M.J. 2023. Tracking and estimation of surgical instrument position and angle in surgical robot using vision system. In Proceedings of the 2023 Network, multimedia and information technology international conference (NMITCON 2023), 1-2 September 2023, Bengaluru, India. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article number 10275983. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/NMITCON58196.2023.10275983

A da Vinci robot endoscopic-camera gives surgeons a magnified 2D view of the operating area, but additional time is required to detect and estimate the location of the surgical-instrument during an operation. The main focus and novelty of this resear... Read More about Tracking and estimation of surgical instrument position and angle in surgical robot using vision system..

Extremely random forest based automatic tonic-clonic seizure detection using spectral analysis on electroencephalography data. (2023)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FUNG, WAI KEUNG, FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Extremely random forest based automatic tonic-clonic seizure detection using spectral analysis on electroencephalography data. In Proceedings of the 21st IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Interregional NEWCAS conference 2023 (NEWCAS 2023), 26-28 June 2023, Edinburgh, UK. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article 10198101. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/NEWCAS57931.2023.10198101

Machine learning proliferates society and has begun changing medicine. This report covers an investigation into how Extremely Random Forests combined with Fast Fourier Transform feature extraction performed on two-dimensional time-series Epileptic Se... Read More about Extremely random forest based automatic tonic-clonic seizure detection using spectral analysis on electroencephalography data..

Development of predictive optimization model for autonomous rotary drilling system using machine learning approach. (2023)
Journal Article
AMADI, K., IYALLA, I., PRABHU, R., ALSABA, M. and WALY, M. 2023. Development of predictive optimization model for autonomous rotary drilling system using machine learning approach. Journal of petroleum exploration and production technology [online], 13(10), pages 2049-2062. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13202-023-01656-9

The growing global energy demand and strict environmental policies motivate the use of technology and performance improvement techniques in drilling operations. In the traditional drilling method, the effort and time required to optimize drilling dep... Read More about Development of predictive optimization model for autonomous rotary drilling system using machine learning approach..

Tracking and estimation of surgical tool pose based on the vision system for surgical robot. (2023)
Presentation / Conference
MUTHUKRISHNAN, R., KANNAN, S., ZHAO, Y. and PRABHU, R. 2023. Tracking and estimation of surgical tool pose based on the vision system for surgical robot. Presented at the 2nd MDMC (Medical device manufacturing centre) annual conference 2023, 31 May 2023, Dundee, UK.

The aim of this research is to customise a surgical robot. This research presents a Virtual Dynamic Tri-crossbar and a Virtual Stable Graph (VDT-VSG) which simplifies the task of tracing the needle angle and location.

Adaptive swarm optimisation assisted surrogate model for pipeline leak detection and characterisation. (2023)
Thesis
ADEGBOYE, M.A. 2023. Adaptive swarm optimisation assisted surrogate model for pipeline leak detection and characterisation. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-2071535

Pipelines are often subject to leakage due to ageing, corrosion and weld defects. It is difficult to avoid pipeline leakage as the sources of leaks are diverse. Various pipeline leakage detection methods, including fibre optic, pressure point analysi... Read More about Adaptive swarm optimisation assisted surrogate model for pipeline leak detection and characterisation..

Pipeline leakage detection and characterisation with adaptive surrogate modelling using particle swarm optimisation. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
ADEGBOYE, M.A., KARNIK, A., FUNG, W.-K. and PRABHU, R. 2022. Pipeline leakage detection and characterisation with adaptive surrogate modelling using particle swarm optimisation. In Proceedings of the 9th International conference on soft computing and machine intelligence 2022 (ISCMI 2022), 26-27 November 2022, Toronto, Candada. Piscataway: IEEE [online], pages 129-134. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/iscmi56532.2022.10068436

Pipelines are often subject to leakage due to ageing, corrosion, and weld defects, and it is difficult to avoid as the sources of leakages are diverse. Several studies have demonstrated the applicability of the machine learning model for the timely p... Read More about Pipeline leakage detection and characterisation with adaptive surrogate modelling using particle swarm optimisation..

Knudsen number sensitivity to pressure drop in a nanoscale membrane. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
RAMALAN, M.M., PRABHU, R., HASHM, I., OGUNLUDE, P., AISUENI, F., ABUNOMAH, O. and GOBINA, E. 2022. Knudsen number sensitivity to pressure drop in a nanoscale membrane. In Proceedings of the 2nd International congress on scientific advances 2022 (ICONSAD'22), 21-24 December 2022, [virtual conference]. Turkey: ICONSAD [online], pages 276-281. Available from: https://en.iconsad.org/_files/ugd/1dd905_c45aeddf416d497e93113f00f465739b.pdf

According to the kinetic theory of gases, gas molecules are in constant random motion and frequently collide with one another and with the walls of their container. They continuously experience changes in velocity and direction. Between collisions, m... Read More about Knudsen number sensitivity to pressure drop in a nanoscale membrane..

Speckle pattern analysis of security holograms and related foils for quality assessment and authentication. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
KRISHNAN S., K., AMBADIYIL, S., JHA, A.K. and PRABHU, R. 2022. Speckle pattern analysis of security holograms and related foils for quality assessment and authentication. In Bouma, H., Prabhu, R., Stokes, R.J. and Yitzhaky, Y. (eds.) Counterterrorism, crime fighting, forensics, and surveillance technologies VI: proceedings of the 6th Counterterrorism, crime fighting, forensics, and surveillance technologies, co-located with SPIE (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers) Security + defence conference 2022, 5-6 September 2022, Berlin, Germany. Proceedings of SPIE, 12275. Bellingham, WA: SPIE [online], article 1227509. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2635446

A speckle pattern is produced by the mutual interference of a set of coherent wavefronts. Speckle patterns typically occur in diffuse reflections of monochromatic light such a laser light. When a rough surface is illuminated by a coherent light is im... Read More about Speckle pattern analysis of security holograms and related foils for quality assessment and authentication..

A simulation into the physical and network layers of optical communication network for the subsea video surveillance of illicit activity. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2022. A simulation into the physical and network layers of optical communication network for the subsea video surveillance of illicit activity. In Bouma, H., Prabhu, R., Stokes, R.J. and Yitzhaky, Y. (eds.) Counterterrorism, crime fighting, forensics, and surveillance technologies VI: proceedings of the 6th Counterterrorism, crime fighting, forensics, and surveillance technologies, co-located with SPIE (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers) Security + defence conference 2022, 5-6 September 2022, Berlin, Germany. Proceedings of SPIE, 12275. Bellingham, WA: SPIE [online], article 1227508. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2641374

Criminal activity is increasingly entering the ocean subsurface with acts such as illegal fishing and narco-submarining becoming points of contention. This among other illicit acts taking place in this domain imply a need for surveillance to render t... Read More about A simulation into the physical and network layers of optical communication network for the subsea video surveillance of illicit activity..

Automated tonic-clonic seizure detection using random forests and spectral analysis on electroencephalography data. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FUNG, W.K., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2022. Automated tonic-clonic seizure detection using random forests and spectral analysis on electroencephalography data. In Valle, M., Lehmhus, D., Gianoglio, C. et al. (eds.) Advances in system-integrated intelligence: proceedings of the 6th International conference on system-integrated intelligence 2022 (SysInt 2022), 7-9 September 2022, Genova, Italy. Lecture notes in networks and systems (LNNS), 546. Cham: Springer [online], pages 679-688. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16281-7_64

Artificial intelligence (AI) has a potential for impact in the diagnosis of neurological conditions, the academic consensus generally has a positive outlook regarding how AI can improve the care of stroke victims and those who suffer from neuro-degen... Read More about Automated tonic-clonic seizure detection using random forests and spectral analysis on electroencephalography data..

An investigation into routing protocols for real-time sensing of subsurface oil wells. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, C., FOUGH, N. and PRABHU, R. 2022. An investigation into routing protocols for real-time sensing of subsurface oil wells. In Valle, M., Lehmhus, D., Gianoglio, C. et al. (eds.) Advances in system-integrated intelligence: proceedings of the 6th International conference on system-integrated intelligence 2022 (SysInt 2022), 7-9 September 2022, Genova, Italy. Lecture notes in networks and systems (LNNS), 546. Cham: Springer [online], pages 689-699. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16281-7_65

Pervasive computing has transformed society, and there is a desire to extend this mass data connectivity to the ocean, especially by energy companies seeking real-time sensor data from assets such as oil wells and pipelines. As evidenced by the Deepw... Read More about An investigation into routing protocols for real-time sensing of subsurface oil wells..