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All Outputs (16)

Investigating practice integration of independent prescribing by community pharmacists using normalization process theory: a cross-sectional survey. (2024)
Journal Article
KARIM, L., MCINTOSH, T., JEBARA, T., PFLEGER, D., OSPREY, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. [2024]. Investigating practice integration of independent prescribing by community pharmacists using normalization process theory: a cross-sectional survey. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-024-01733-x

Independent prescribing (IP) has not been extensively investigated in community pharmacy (CP). Normalization Process Theory (NPT) constructs help explain how interventions are integrated into practice and include: 'coherence' (understanding), 'cognit... Read More about Investigating practice integration of independent prescribing by community pharmacists using normalization process theory: a cross-sectional survey..

Exploring determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. (2024)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. [2024]. Exploring determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], Articles in Press. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2023.12.009

Few theoretically-based, qualitative studies have explored determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour in hospitals. Understanding these can promote successful development and implementation of behaviour change interventions (BCIs). To use th... Read More about Exploring determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework..

Implementation frameworks for polypharmacy management within healthcare organisations: a scoping review. (2023)
Journal Article
AL BULUSHI, S., MCINTOSH, T., GRANT, A., STEWART, D. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2023. Implementation frameworks for polypharmacy management within healthcare organisations: a scoping review. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 15(2), pages 342-354. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-023-01534-8

Several guidelines support polypharmacy management in individual patients. More organisational-level focus is needed on the use of implementation frameworks. The aim of this scoping review was to characterise the peer-reviewed literature on implement... Read More about Implementation frameworks for polypharmacy management within healthcare organisations: a scoping review..

A qualitative exploration of key stakeholders’ views and perceptions in relation to organisational change for the implementation of polypharmacy management in Oman. (2022)
Presentation / Conference
AL BULUSHI, S., MCINTOSH, T., GRANT, A., STEWART, D. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. A qualitative exploration of key stakeholders' views and perceptions in relation to organisational change for the implementation of polypharmacy management in Oman. Presented at the 50th ESCP (European Society of Clinical Pharmacy) symposium on clinical pharmacy, polypharmacy and ageing: highly individualized, interprofessional, person-centered care, 19-21 October 2022, Prague, Czech Republic.

Polypharmacy contributes to patient non-adherence and increases medication harm. Barriers to implementation prevent desired outcomes when addressing inappropriate polypharmacy at organisational levels and there is a need for theory-based strategies f... Read More about A qualitative exploration of key stakeholders’ views and perceptions in relation to organisational change for the implementation of polypharmacy management in Oman..

Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model. (2022)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., MCINTOSH, T., STEWART, F., OSPREY, A., BRUCE, R. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 44(5), pages 1195-1204. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-022-01467-8

The Scottish Government is increasing independent prescribers (IP) in community pharmacy (CP). A new preceptorship model using IPs as Designated Prescribing Practitioners (DPPs) has been introduced. The aim of this study was to investigate stakeholde... Read More about Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model..

Investigating clinicians’ determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. (2022)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. Investigating clinicians' determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. Journal of hospital infection [online], 122, pages 72-83. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2022.01.007

Aim: To identify and quantify potential determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour, using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving doctors (∼4000) and pharmacists (∼400) working within Hamad Medica... Read More about Investigating clinicians’ determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework..

Using the theoretical domains framework to investigate clinicians’ behavioural determinants of antimicrobial prescribing in Qatar. (2021)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. Using the theoretical domains framework to investigate clinicians’ behavioural determinants of antimicrobial prescribing in Qatar. Presented at 2021 Health services research and pharmacy practice conference (HSRPP 2021): designing healthcare: stimulating interdisciplinary and co-design for quality healthcare, 8-9 April 2021, [virtual conference].

Introduction: A recent systematic review by Talkhan et al demonstrated the need for theoretically based behaviour change interventions in this area. [1] For development of such complex interventions, emphasis should be placed on using theory to syste... Read More about Using the theoretical domains framework to investigate clinicians’ behavioural determinants of antimicrobial prescribing in Qatar..

The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2020)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy [online], 75(9), pages 2394-2410. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkaa154

Objectives: This systematic review (SR) reviews the evidence on use of theory in developing and evaluating behaviour change interventions (BCIs) to improve clinicians antimicrobial prescribing (AP). Methods: The SR protocol was registered with PROSPE... Read More about The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., CUNNINGHAM, S. and ZIGLAM, H. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at 2019 Federation of Infection Societies conference (FIS 2019), 11-14 November 2019, Edinburgh, UK.

Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing. There remains a need for behaviour change interventions at clinician level to promote appropriate prescribing. Theories should b... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., AL HAIL, M., ABDOULROUF, P. ZIGLAM, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at the 5th International conference on prevention and infection control (ICPIC 2019), 10-13 September 2019, Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its threats have long been recognised. Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing, minimise AMR and improve outcomes. There... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interversions that improve clinicians' antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., CUNNINGHAM, S., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., AL-HAIL, M., ROUF, P.V.A. and ZIGLAM, H. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at the 2019 Health services research and pharmacy practice conference (HSRPP 2019), 8-9 April 2019, Birmingham, UK.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its threats have long been recognised. Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing, minimise AMR and improve outcomes. There remains a nee... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interversions that improve clinicians' antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Social and cognitive influences on prescribing decisions among non-medical prescribers. (2017)
Thesis
MCINTOSH, T. 2017. Social and cognitive influences on prescribing decisions among non-medical prescribers. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Non-medical prescribers make an increasing contribution to healthcare across the UK yet little is known about influences on their prescribing decision-making. The aim of this programme of research was to explore and describe prescribing decision-maki... Read More about Social and cognitive influences on prescribing decisions among non-medical prescribers..

The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. (2017)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., MCDONALD, C., MACLEOD, J., MACLURE, K., GRAY, G. and MCINTOSH, T. 2018. The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 14(4) pages 347-355. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.04.004

Background - Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical Society has expressed concern... Read More about The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids..

Piloting the United Kingdon 'Prescribing Safety Assessment' with pharmacist prescribers in Scotland. (2017)
Journal Article
REID, F., POWER, A., STEWART, D., WATSON, A., ZLOTOS, L., CAMPBELL, D., MCINTOSH, T. and MAXWELL, S. 2017. Piloting the United Kingdon 'Prescribing Safety Assessment' with pharmacist prescribers in Scotland. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 14(1), pages 62-68. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2016.12.009

Background: Prescribing is a complex task requiring considerable knowledge and skills. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) was developed by the British Pharmacological Society and the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Schools Council. Between February... Read More about Piloting the United Kingdon 'Prescribing Safety Assessment' with pharmacist prescribers in Scotland..

Influences on prescribing decision-making among non-medical prescribers in the United Kingdom: systematic review. (2016)
Journal Article
MCINTOSH, T., STEWART, D., FORBES-MCKAY, K., MCCAIG, D. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2016. Influences on prescribing decision-making among non-medical prescribers in the United Kingdom: systematic review. Family practice [online], 33(6), pages 572-579. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmw085

Suitably qualified non-medical healthcare professionals may now prescribe medicines. Prescribing decision-making can be complex and challenging; a number of influences have been identified among medical prescribers but little appears to be known abou... Read More about Influences on prescribing decision-making among non-medical prescribers in the United Kingdom: systematic review..

A qualitative study of UK pharmacy pre-registration graduates' views and reflections on pharmacist prescribing. (2015)
Journal Article
MCINTOSH, T. and STEWART, D. 2016. A qualitative study of UK pharmacy pre-registration graduates' views and reflections on pharmacist prescribing. International journal of pharmacy practice [online], 24(2), pages 139-141. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpp.12222

Background: Pre-registration pharmacy graduates are a key group in relation to developing and implementing innovations in practice. Objective: To explore the views and reflections on pharmacist prescribing of UK pre-registration pharmacy graduates. M... Read More about A qualitative study of UK pharmacy pre-registration graduates' views and reflections on pharmacist prescribing..