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Slinky tower. (2004)
Physical Artefact
BUCKLEY, J. 2004. Slinky tower. [Lighting installation].

This artwork was commissioned by the New Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital as part of the hospital's arts project.

Chameleon. (2004)
Physical Artefact
BUCKLEY, J. 2004. Chameleon. [Lighting installation].

This installation was part of the EcoMetro Exhibition that occurred during the Gwangju Biennale. It was installed in one of the subway trains and in the Geumnamro-4 station in Gwangju, Korea.

Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. (2004)
Conference Proceeding
BASHARU, M., AHRIZ, H. and ARANA, I. 2004. Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. In Coenen, F., Preece, A. and Macintosh, A. (eds.) Research and development in intelligent systems XX: technical proceedings of the 23rd Annual international conference of the British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) (AI-2003), 15-17 December 2003, Cambridge, UK. London: Springer [online], pages 97-110. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-85729-412-8_8

We present a multi-agent approach to constraint satisfaction where feedback and reinforcement are used in order to avoid local optima and, consequently, to improve the overall solution. Our approach, FeReRA, is based on the fact that an agents local... Read More about Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction..

What's in a name? The revealing use of noms de plume in women's correspondence to daily newspapers in Edwardian Scotland. (2004)
Journal Article
PEDERSEN, S. 2004. What's in a name? The revealing use of noms de plume in women's correspondence to daily newspapers in Edwardian Scotland. Media history [online], 10(3), pages 175-185. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/1368880042000311537

In August 1912, a female correspondent calling herself ‘Fair Play’ wrote to the Aberdeen Free Press to remonstrate at the militant methods used by the Women’s Social and Political Union (the WSPU). She explained that she had chosen to use a pen name... Read More about What's in a name? The revealing use of noms de plume in women's correspondence to daily newspapers in Edwardian Scotland..

The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation. (2004)
Journal Article
LAING, R., DAVIES, A.-M., HARGREAVES, A. and SCOTT, S. 2004. The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation. Studies in regional and urban planning, 10, pages 119-127.

This paper describes a series of methodologies for use in evaluation of the built environment. The use of virtual models within Architecture and Engineering is widespread at the design stage, but has to date been limited in terms of application and i... Read More about The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation..

Building models through formal specification. (2004)
Conference Proceeding
RENKER, G. and AHRIZ, H. 2004. Building models through formal specification. In RĂ©gin, J.-C. and Rueher, M. (eds.) Integration of AI and OR techniques in constraint programming for combinatorial optimization problems: proceedings of the 1st International conference on integration of artificial intelligence and operations research techniques in constraint programming (CPAIOR 2004), 20-22 April 2004, Nice, France. Lecture notes in computer science, 3011. Berlin: Springer [online], pages 395-401. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-24664-0_29

Over the past years, a number of increasingly expressive languages for modelling constraint and optimisation problems have evolved. In developing a strategy to ease the complexity of building models for constraint and optimisation problems, we have a... Read More about Building models through formal specification..

Maakin Lab [online]. (2004)
Digital Artefact
MAAKIN LAB. 2004. Maakin Lab [online]. Available from: http://www.maakinlab.org/

The Maakin Lab project was developed in partnership with the Shetland College Department of Textiles and Design, On the Edge research and artist Susan Benn of PAL. The research challenge offered up by the project partners was how to revalue tradition... Read More about Maakin Lab [online]..

How might we revalue traditional ways of making? (2004)
Book
DOUGLAS, A. 2004. How might we revalue traditional ways of making? A research project revaluing Shetland knitting. Essay accompanying Douglas, A. (ed.) Maakin Lab. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

The Maakin Lab project was developed in partnership with the Shetland College Department of Textiles and Design, On the Edge research and artist Susan Benn of PAL. The research challenge offered up by the project partners was how to revalue tradition... Read More about How might we revalue traditional ways of making?.

Edge FM 87.9 MHz. (2004)
Book
CARTER, P. 2004. Edge FM 87.9 MHz. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

Edge FM was developed in partnership with the Museum of Scottish Lighthouses, Fraserburgh, On the Edge Research and the artist, Paul Carter. The research challenge offered up by the project partners was to find a way of drawing young people living lo... Read More about Edge FM 87.9 MHz..

Guidelines for e-reference library services for distance learners and other remote users. (2004)
Report
JOHNSON, I.M., REID, P.H. and NEWTON, R., BAXTER, G. and KILLEN, C. 2004. Guidelines for e-reference library services for distance learners and other remote users. A report for UNESCO. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

Until recently the provision of distance education was undertaken mainly by various professional associations and commercial agencies offering vocational training. Library provision to meet the needs of registered students was limited. Over the past... Read More about Guidelines for e-reference library services for distance learners and other remote users..

Inthrow. (2004)
Book
DOUGLAS, A. (ed.) 2005. Inthrow. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

Inthrow was developed in partnership with Chris Fremantle of the Scottish Sculpture Workshop, On the Edge Research and lead artist Gavin Renwick. The Scottish Sculpture Workshop (SSW) is based in the rural village of Lumsden, Aberdeenshire. The chall... Read More about Inthrow..

Celestial ceiling: contemporary art, built heritage and patronage. (2004)
Book
DOUGLAS, A. (ed.) 2004. Celestial ceiling: contemporary art, built heritage and patronage. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

The Celestial Ceiling project was developed in partnership with Charles Burnett of Duff House, Banff, the Schleiffer family of Cullen House, On the Edge Research and the artists John McGeoch and Robert Orchardson. Duff House, an Adams building, is pa... Read More about Celestial ceiling: contemporary art, built heritage and patronage..

Computer aided sustainable design. (2004)
Conference Proceeding
BENNADJI, A., AHRIZ, H. and ALASTAIR, P. 2005. Computer aided sustainable design. In Proceedings of the 1st International Arab Society for Computer Aided Architecrual Design (ASCAAD) conference on computer aided architectural design(ASCAAD 2005); e-design in architecure, 22-24 February 2005, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Dhahran: ASCAAD [online], pages 125-135. Available from: http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2004/proceedings.php

One of the most important aspects architects need to consider fairly early on is that of energy saving, cost, thermal comfort and the effect on the environment in terms of CO2 emissions. At present, during the early design stage of a building, differ... Read More about Computer aided sustainable design..

The development of condition monitoring strategies and techniques appropriate to mechanical structures. (2004)
Thesis
DRUMMOND, G. 2004. The development of condition monitoring strategies and techniques appropriate to mechanical structures. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Recent legislation, LOLER, removed the compulsion of periodical proof testing of lifting equipment to ascertain its "fitness for purpose". It has become the responsibility of a competent person to assess equipment's fitness for purpose and ability fo... Read More about The development of condition monitoring strategies and techniques appropriate to mechanical structures..

Developing indicators: issues in the use of quantitative data about poverty. (2004)
Journal Article
SPICKER, P. 2004. Developing indicators: issues in the use of quantitative data about poverty. Policy and politics [online], 32(4), pages 431-440. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1332/0305573042009499

Despite the familiarity bred by the routine use of indicators in public services, many commentators are vague about what indicators mean and how they should be used. Several confuse indicators with measurement. This paper argues that precise and accu... Read More about Developing indicators: issues in the use of quantitative data about poverty..

An evaluation of an educational programme to prepare family health nurses. (2004)
Journal Article
MACDUFF, C. and WEST, B.J.M. 2004. An evaluation of an educational programme to prepare family health nurses. Nurse education today [online], 24(7), pages 575-583. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2004.08.001

In 1998 the World Health Organisation (WHO) Europe proposed a new type of community based nurse called the family health nurse (FHN). Although it was initially envisaged that 18 European countries would take part in the development of the FHN role th... Read More about An evaluation of an educational programme to prepare family health nurses..

The dynamic of the edge: practice led research into the value of the arts in marginal spaces. (2004)
Presentation / Conference
DOUGLAS, A., FREMANTLE, C. and DELDAY, H. 2004. The dynamic of the edge: practice led research into the value of the arts in marginal spaces. Presented at Sensuous knowledge 1 (SK1): creating a tradition, 26-28 October 2004, Solstrand, Norway.

This paper articulates an approach to art and design practice that questions two fundamental assumptions: firstly, it is not framed by the creative practice of an individual artist delivering an authored artwork to a public or audience; secondly, it... Read More about The dynamic of the edge: practice led research into the value of the arts in marginal spaces..

The slapstick mystics with sticks. Performed on 15-18 October 2004, Frieze Art Fair, London. (2004)
Exhibition / Performance
The slapstick mystics with sticks. Performed on 15-18 October 2004, Frieze Art Fair, London.

The Slapstick Mystics with Sticks was one of ten international artist commissions for Frieze Projects at the Frieze Art Fair, 15-18 October 2004, in London. The Slapstick Mystics with Sticks performance occurred unannounced at the entrance to the fai... Read More about The slapstick mystics with sticks. Performed on 15-18 October 2004, Frieze Art Fair, London..

Optimising the relationship between passive solar design of new housing and the economics of construction and land value. (2004)
Thesis
SCOTT, J.R. 2004. Optimising the relationship between passive solar design of new housing and the economics of construction and land value. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

The focus of mass housing developments built by speculative developers in the UK has broadly been on maximising density whilst retaining a predominantly detached housing form. This economically led strategy, aimed at maximising sale values, can confl... Read More about Optimising the relationship between passive solar design of new housing and the economics of construction and land value..

Craft connexity: developing a sustainable model for future craft education. (2004)
Conference Proceeding
MALINS, J., PRESS, M. and MCKILLOP, C. 2004. Craft connexity: developing a sustainable model for future craft education. In Proceedings of the Challenging craft international conference, 8-10 September 2004, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Gray's School of Art.

Craft is an anachronism “ discuss ¦ Some twenty-five years ago, on applying for a place at a college of art to study ceramics, Julian was asked to write an essay on the above topic. Naturally he was keen to impress so he responded to the question by... Read More about Craft connexity: developing a sustainable model for future craft education..