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Exploring the use of lung ultrasonography to access cardiac surgery patients: a scoping review.

Farrell, Casey; Cooper, Kay; Hayward, Simon; Walker, Craig


Simon Hayward

Craig Walker


Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a safe, quick, and portable diagnostic tool which can accurately detect respiratory complications post-surgery without radiation. The aim of this scoping review was to map the evidence base regarding the use of LUS within the cardiac surgery population. JBI methodology for scoping reviews. In total, 90 reports were identified: 73 research studies, 6 narrative reviews, and 11 narrative, opinion and text articles. Studies were predominantly observational cohort and aimed to determine or compare LUS diagnostic ability, prognostic ability or both. LUS methods were heterogenous and variably reported. Despite an increasing number of studies since 2014, standardised protocols for the use of LUS are yet to be widely adopted and remain an important area for further work. Future research should consider exploring perceptions and experiences of LUS, the use of LUS in treatment outcome measurement, and use by non-physician healthcare professionals.


FARRELL, C., COOPER, K., HAYWARD, S. and WALKER, C. 2024. Exploring the use of lung ultrasonography to assess cardiac surgery patients: a scoping review. Journal of diagnostic medical sonography [online], 40(1), pages 79-99. Available from:

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Aug 8, 2023
Online Publication Date Sep 22, 2023
Publication Date Jan 31, 2024
Deposit Date Aug 11, 2023
Publicly Available Date Aug 11, 2023
Journal Journal of diagnostic medical sonography
Print ISSN 8756-4793
Electronic ISSN 1552-5430
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue 1
Pages 79-99
Keywords Lung ultrasonography; Chest ultrasound; Thoracic ultrasound; Point-of-care ultrasound; POCUS; Postoperative pulmonary complications; Cardiac surgery; Cardiothoracic surgery; Scoping review
Public URL
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of the file associated with this output.


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