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Tensile and impact properties of melt-blended nylon 6/ethylene-octene copolymer/graphene oxide nanocomposites.

Attar, Suhail; Chen, Biqiong; Catalanotti, Giuseppe; Falzon, Brian G.

Authors

Biqiong Chen

Giuseppe Catalanotti

Brian G. Falzon



Contributors

Brian G. Falzon
Editor

C. McCarthy
Editor

Abstract

The addition of stiff nanoparticles to a polymer matrix usually proves beneficial for the enhancement in stiffness and strength, however, the impact strength is usually lowered. Conversely, the use of elastomeric additives can enhance the toughness and impact strength but causes a reduction in overall stiffness and strength. To take advantage of the desirable effects of both additives, they may be simultaneously added to the host matrix. Graphene oxide (GO), along with a thermoplastic elastomer ethylene-octene copolymer (EOC), was chosen to be added to nylon 6 for the current investigation. Maleated EOC (EOC-g-MA) was used as a compatibilizer for this study. 3 wt% GO nanoparticles, 20 wt% ethylene-octene copolymer (EOC) and 3 wt% EOC-g-MA were added to nylon 6 to prepare the nylon 6/EOC/GO blend-based nanocomposites. A high shear rate screw running at 300 rpm was used for melt-blending with a twin-screw extruder. Increased stiffness and tensile strength were observed by the addition of GO nanoparticles while elongation at break, toughness and impact strength were lowered by the addition of GO. The addition of EOC and EOC-g-MA enhanced the elongation at break, toughness and impact strength. However, the stiffness and strength of nylon 6/EOC blend was lower than that of the neat nylon 6. The addition of GO nanoparticles and EOC to neat nylon 6 caused a reduction in its impact strength. However, simultaneous addition of EOC and EOC-g-MA to nylon 6 caused a significant increase in the impact strength compared to neat nylon 6 and yielded a nylon 6/EOC/EOC-g-MA bend with the highest impact strength. The addition of GO nanoparticles to this blend, however, again caused a significant reduction in the impact strength. Nylon 6/EOC/EOC-g-MA blend showed the highest toughness and impact strength. Simultaneous addition of EOC and GO helped achieve a balanced stiffness and toughness.

Citation

ATTAR, S., CHEN, B., CATALANOTTI, G. and FALZON, B.G. 2023. Tensile and impact properties of melt-blended nylon 6/ethylene-octene copolymer/graphene oxide nanocomposites. In Falzon, B.G. and McCarthy, C. (eds.) Proceedings of the 23rd International conference on composite materials 2023 (ICCM 23), 30 July - 04 August 2023, Belfast, Northern Ireland. Belfast: Queen's University Belfast. Hosted on ICCM-central [online], paper 253. Available from: http://www.iccm-central.org/Proceedings/ICCM23proceedings/index.htm

Conference Name 23rd International conference on composite materials 2023 (ICCM 23)
Conference Location Belfast, Northern Ireland
Start Date Jul 30, 2023
End Date Aug 4, 2023
Acceptance Date Jul 30, 2023
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2023
Publication Date Dec 31, 2023
Deposit Date Mar 22, 2024
Publicly Available Date May 13, 2024
Publisher Queen's University Belfast
Keywords Nylon 6; Graphene oxide; Mechanical properties
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/2279541
Publisher URL https://www.iccm-central.org/Proceedings/ICCM23proceedings/index.htm

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