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A case study investigation into the use of multi-compartment compliance aids in older people resident in very sheltered housing.

MacLure, Katie; MacLeod, Joan; Forbes-McKay, Katrina; Paudyal, Vibhu; Cunningham, Scott; Strath, Alison; Lynch, Rory; Stewart, Derek


Katie MacLure

Joan MacLeod

Katrina Forbes-McKay

Vibhu Paudyal

Scott Cunningham

Alison Strath

Rory Lynch

Derek Stewart


Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines, heralded by some as a solution to non-adherence but with little evidence of benefit. Objective The aim was to use a theoretical approach to describe the behavioural determinants impacting the use of MCAs in older people from the perspectives of the individual and health and social care providers. Design A case study investigation was conducted. Setting The study took place in three very sheltered housing sites in North East Scotland. Subjects Twenty residents (?65 years) using an MCA for at least 6 months and 34 members of their care team [17 formal carers, eight general practitioners (GPs), eight pharmacists, one family member]. Methods Semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with items based on the Theoretical Domains Framework were conducted. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed thematically. Results Several behavioural determinants impacted the use of MCAs from the perspectives of the stakeholders involved. Goals of use related to promoting adherence and safety, with less emphasis on independence. Beliefs of consequences related to these goals and were considered of value, with additional consequences of concern around reduced awareness of medicines and complexities of changing medicines. There was a lack of clearly defined roles of professionals for all processes of MCA use, with evidence of blurring and gaps in roles. There were additional issues relating to capabilities of older people in using MCAs and capacity issues for pharmacy-supplied MCAs. Conclusions Several behavioural determinants impacted the use of MCAs, and while MCAs were valued, there is a need to more clearly define, develop, implement and evaluate a model of care encompassing resident and medicines assessment, supply and ongoing review of MCAs.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2016
Journal Patient: patient-centered outcomes research
Print ISSN 1178-1653
Electronic ISSN 1178-1661
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 6
Pages 583-590
Institution Citation MACLURE, K., MACLEOD, J., FORBES-MCKAY, K., PAUDYAL, V., CUNNINGHAM, S., STRATH, A., LYNCH, R. and STEWART, D. 2016. A case study investigation into the use of multi-compartment compliance aids in older people resident in very sheltered housing. Patient: patient-centered outcomes research [online] 9(6), pages 583-590. Available from:
Keywords Multicompartment compliance aids; Older people; Sheltered housing; Case study; Behaviours; Health and social care; Scotland


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