Pipelines carrying fluids and slurries are quite common. The third-generation pipelines carrying spherical or cylindrical capsules (hollow containers) filled with minerals or other materials including hazardous liquids are rather a new concept. These pipelines need to be designed optimally for commercial viability. An optimal design of such a pipeline results in minimum pressure drop in the pipeline. This corresponds to minimum head loss and hence minimum pumping power required to drive the capsules and the transporting fluid. This study uses a rigorous approach to predict pumping cost based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and hence optimize the design of the capsule transporting pipelines. Pressure drop relationship developed has been incorporated to calculate the pumping requirements for the system. Based on the least-cost principle, a methodology has been developed for the determination of the optimal diameter of cylindrical capsule carrying hydraulic pipeline. This procedure can be applied to obtain the optimal size of the capsule pipeline for minimum pumping and capital costs.
ASIM, T., MISHRA, R., KOLLAR, L, and UBBI, K. 2012. Optimisation of a horizontal capsule transporting pipeline carrying cylindrical capsules. Journal of physics: conference series [online], 364; proceedings of 25th Condition monitoring and diagnostic engineering international congress 2012 (COMADEM 2012), 18-20 June 2012, Huddersfield, UK, article 012071. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/364/1/012071