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Non-fungible building components: using smart contracts for a circular economy in the built environment. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
DOUNAS, T., JABI, W. and LOMBARDI, D. 2021. Non-fungible building components: using smart contracts for a circular economy in the built environment. In Gomez Z., P. and Braida, F. (eds.) Proceedings of the 25th International conference of the Ibero-American Society of Digital Graphics (SIGraDi 20201): designing possibilities, 8-12 November 2021, [virtual conference]. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology, pages 1189-1198. Hosted on CumInCAD [online]. To be made available from: http://cumincad.scix.net/

The presented research study tackles the topic of economic and material sustainable development in the built environment and construction industry, by introducing and applying the concept and the potential of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) on blockchain... Read More about Non-fungible building components: using smart contracts for a circular economy in the built environment..

Topology generated non-fungible tokens: blockchain as infrastructure for a circular economy in architectural design. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
DOUNAS, T., JABI, W. and LOMBARDI, D. 2021. Topology generated non-fungible tokens: blockchain as infrastructure for a circular economy in architectural design. In Globa, A., van Ameijde, J., Fingrut, A., Kim, N. and Sky Lo, T.T. (eds.) Proceedings of the 26th Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia international conference 2021 (CAADRIA 2021): projections, 29 March - 1 April 2021, [virtual conference]. Hong Kong: CAADRIA [online], vol 2, pages 151-160. Available from: https://caadria2021.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/caadria2021_376.pdf

The paper presents a new digital infrastructure layer for buildings and architectural assets. The infrastructure layer consists of a combination of topology graphs secured on a decentralised ledger. The topology graphs organise non-fungible digital t... Read More about Topology generated non-fungible tokens: blockchain as infrastructure for a circular economy in architectural design..

Virtual World16: virtual design collaboration for the intersection of academia and industry. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SCHNABEL, M.A., KOBAYASHI, Y., PENCREACH, Y., BENNADJI, A., CHOI, D., FIAMMA, P., FUKUDA, T., LO, T.T., NARAHARA, T., NOVAK, M., RON, R., SWARTS, M., TERZIDIS, K., TUCKER, T. and VITAL, R. 2021. Virtual World16: virtual design collaboration for the intersection of academia and industry. In Globa, A., van Ameijde, J., Fingrut, A., Kim, N. and Sky Lo, T.T. (eds.) Proceedings of the 26th Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia international conference 2021 (CAADRIA 2021): projections, 29 March - 1 April 2021, [virtual conference]. Hong Kong: CAADRIA [online], vol 2, pages 203-212. Available from: https://caadria2021.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/caadria2021_318.pdf

Over the past 13 years, the 'World16'-group has collaborated face-to-face on various challenges that architectural design faces within VR, architecture, urban design, and its delivery to the professional industries. The focus of the collaboration is... Read More about Virtual World16: virtual design collaboration for the intersection of academia and industry..

Parametric Iranian-Islamic muqarnas as drivers for design for fabrication and assembly via UAVs: parametric analysis and synthesis of Iranian-Islamic muqarnas. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
ZAMANI, E. and DOUNAS, T. 2021. Parametric Iranian-Islamic muqarnas as drivers for design for fabrication and assembly via UAVs: parametric analysis and synthesis of Iranian-Islamic muqarnas. In Abdelmohsen, S., El-Khouly, T., Mallasi, Z. and Bennadji, A. (eds.). Architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges: proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design 2021 (ASCAAD 2021), 2-4 March 2021, [virtual conference]. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 436-449. Hosted on CumInCAD [online]. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/data/works/att/ascaad2021_050.pdf

This study proposes a DfMA (from design to assembly) based on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and uses Iranian-Islamic Muqarnas as the case study due to their geometric modularity. In Islamic architecture, different geographic regions are known to have... Read More about Parametric Iranian-Islamic muqarnas as drivers for design for fabrication and assembly via UAVs: parametric analysis and synthesis of Iranian-Islamic muqarnas..

User-friendly tool to enable individual homeowners to invest in energy efficiency. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SEDDIKI, M., BENNADJI, A., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2021. User-friendly tool to enable individual homeowners to invest in energy efficiency. In Abdelmohsen, S., El-Khouly, T., Mallasi, Z. and Bennadji, A. (eds.). Architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges: proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design 2021 (ASCAAD 2021), 2-4 March 2021, [virtual conference]. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 750-756. Hosted on CumInCAD [online]. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/paper/ascaad2021_155

Buildings are an important source of CO2 emissions and account for almost a third of final energy consumption globally. The necessity to achieve energy efficiency standards in new and existing buildings is now recognised. The residential sector consu... Read More about User-friendly tool to enable individual homeowners to invest in energy efficiency..

Proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD) international conference 2021 (ASCAAD 2021): architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
ABDELMOHSEN, S., EL-KHOULY, T., MALLASI, Z. and BENNADJI, A. (eds.) 2021. Proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD) international conference 2021 (ASCAAD 2021) [online]: architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges, 2-4 March 2021, [virtual conference]. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University. Available from: http://ascaad.org/conference/2021/docs/proceedings.pdf

The ASCAAD 2021 conference theme is Architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges. The theme addresses the gradual shift in computational design from prototypical morphogenetic-centered associations in the architec... Read More about Proceedings of the 9th Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD) international conference 2021 (ASCAAD 2021): architecture in the age of disruptive technologies: transformation and challenges..

Smart contracts for decentralised building information modelling. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
DOUNAS, T., JABI, W. and LOMBARDI, D. 2020. Smart contracts for decentralised building information modelling. In Köering, D. and Werner, L.C. (eds.) Proceedings of 38th Education and research in computer aided architectural design in Europe (eCAADe) conference 2020 (eCAADe 2020): anthropologic: architecture and fabrication in the cognitive age, 16-17 September 2020, [virtual conference]. Berlin: eCAADe, volume 2, pages 565-574. Hosted on CumInCAD [online]. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/paper/ecaade2020_190

The paper presents a model for decentralizing building information modelling, through implementing its infrastructure using the decentralized web. We discuss the shortcomings of BIM in terms of its infrastructure, with a focus on tracing identities o... Read More about Smart contracts for decentralised building information modelling..

Investigating the major causes of morphological transformations in the CBD of Accra and the impact on urban heat island intensity. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
GYASI-ADDO, J.A. and BENNADJI, A. 2020. Investigating the major causes of morphological transformations in the CBD of Accra and the impact on urban heat island intensity. In Scott, L. and Neilson, C.J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) annual conference 2020 (ARCOM 2020), 7-8 September 2020, [virtual conference]. Leeds: ARCOM [online], pages 566-575. Available from: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/archive/2020-Indexed-Papers.pdf

Tropical urban sites are constantly under the threats of the adverse effects of urban heat island (UHI) - a situation which is aggravated by climate change. Urban morphology comprises a large set of factors that play an important role in modifying ur... Read More about Investigating the major causes of morphological transformations in the CBD of Accra and the impact on urban heat island intensity..

Infrastructure development in the West African extractive industry: a system thinking approach. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
OBIRI, K.A., BJEIRMI, B., MOORE, D. and BOATENG, P. 2020. Infrastructure development in the West African extractive industry: a system thinking approach. In Scott, L. and Neilson, C.J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) annual conference 2020 (ARCOM 2020), 7-8 September 2020, [virtual conference]. Leeds: ARCOM [online], pages 275-284. Available from: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/archive/2020-Indexed-Papers.pdf

The extractive industry in the West African region contributes significantly to the socio-economic development of the host communities and the wider economies of resource-rich countries. However, the spill-over effects to the domestic suppliers and t... Read More about Infrastructure development in the West African extractive industry: a system thinking approach..

Highway sustainability construction: reducing carbon emissions using process management. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
UCHEHARA, I., HAMMA-ADAMA, M. and MOORE, D. 2020. Highway sustainability construction: reducing carbon emissions using process management. In Scott, L. and Neilson, C.J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) annual conference 2020 (ARCOM 2020), 7-8 September 2020, [virtual conference]. Leeds: ARCOM [online], pages 305-314. Available from: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/archive/2020-Indexed-Papers.pdf

Carbon emission is a critical issue in infrastructure development, including the highway construction industry. Previous studies suggest that continuous carbon emission across highway projects is due to the use of different types of construction equi... Read More about Highway sustainability construction: reducing carbon emissions using process management..

Development of a new analytical model for the study of the urban and architectural sound ambiance: the topological approach. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
SARAOUI, S., BELAKEHAL, A., ATTAR, A. and BENNADJI, A. 2019. Development of a new analytical model for the study of the urban and architectural sound ambiance: the topological approach. In Rahbarianyazd, R. and Nia, H.A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd international conference of contemporary affairs on architecture and urbanism (ICCAUA2019), 9-10 May 2019, Alanya, Turkey. Alanya: Municipality of Alanya [online], pages 156-166. Available from: https://iccaua.com/page/2019-gallery

Research in the field of ambience has clearly evolved in our era; the field of investigation lists all the typologies of space, ranging from the architectural to the urban. There is a lot of research, but the relationships between investigations are... Read More about Development of a new analytical model for the study of the urban and architectural sound ambiance: the topological approach..

Virtual reality in the architectural technology curriculum in the UK. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
WOOD, C.F., DOUNAS, T. and SCOTT, J.R. 2019. Virtual reality in the architectural technology curriculum in the UK. In Kouider, T. and Andersen, P.J. (eds.) 2019. Proceedings of the 8th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2019) [online]: architectural technology, facing the renovation and refurbishment challenge, 15 November 2019, Odense, Denmark. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 181-190. Available from: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxhcmNodGVjaGNvbmdyZXNzMXxneDoxODg5NzZjZmE3NzYyNmZi

This paper seeks to understand the climate for Virtual Reality (VR) within the Architectural Technology (AT)curriculum in the U.K. It seeks to assess through literature, focus groups and questionnaires VR’s current place and seek to find a model to m... Read More about Virtual reality in the architectural technology curriculum in the UK..

BIM manager, coordinator, consultant, analyst…, what does a confused AEC industry need? (2019)
Conference Proceeding
KOUIDER, T., SYKES, P. and HAMMA-ADAMA, M. 2019. BIM manager, coordinator, consultant, analyst..., what does a confused AEC industry need? In Kouider, T. and Andersen, P.J. (eds.) 2019. Proceedings of the 8th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2019) [online]: architectural technology, facing the renovation and refurbishment challenge, 15 November 2019, Odense, Denmark. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 67-88. Available from: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxhcmNodGVjaGNvbmdyZXNzMXxneDoxODg5NzZjZmE3NzYyNmZi

The rapid growth of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction industries since its introduction around 2002 has highlighted a skills shortage within the industry whilst also leading to some confusion over... Read More about BIM manager, coordinator, consultant, analyst…, what does a confused AEC industry need?.

Proceedings of the 8th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2019): architectural technology, facing the renovation and refurbishment challenge. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
KOUIDER, T. and ANDERSEN, P.J. (eds.) 2019. Proceedings of the 8th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2019): architectural technology, facing the renovation and refurbishment challenge, 15 November 2019, Odense, Denmark. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online]. Available from: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxhcmNodGVjaGNvbmdyZXNzMXxneDoxODg5NzZjZmE3NzYyNmZi

During the past decade, the construction industry focus has largely been on the many new challenges brought about by the sustainability/climate change agenda and the introduction of BIM in new build. The theme of the next ICAT conference will focus o... Read More about Proceedings of the 8th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2019): architectural technology, facing the renovation and refurbishment challenge..

Borders within border: fragmentation, connection and disposition. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
CIMADOMO, G. (ed.) 2019. Borders within border: fragmentation, connection and disposition. Book of abstracts for the 2nd Urbanism at borders global conference, 23-25 October 2019, Málaga, Spain. Málaga: Universidad de Málaga.

This is the book of abstracts for the 2nd Urbanism at Borders global conference, held 23-25 October 2019 at the University of Málaga, Spain. Robert Gordon University was acknowledged as a co-organiser of this event.

Towards Blockchains for architectural design: consensus mechanisms for collaboration in BIM. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
DOUNAS, T., LOMBARDI, D. and JABI, W. 2019. Towards blockchains for architectural design: consensus mechanisms for collaboration in BIM. In Sousa, J.P., Henriques, G.C. and Xavier, J.P. (eds.) Proceedings of the 37th Education and research in computer aided architectural design in Europe (eCAADe) and 23rd Sociedad Iberoamericana de Gráfica Digital (SIGraDi) joint conference 2019 (eCAADe SIGraDi 2019): architecture in the age of the 4th industrial revolution, 11-13 September 2019, Porto, Portugal. Porto: eCAADe; SIGraDi; FAUP, volume 1, pages 267-274. Hosted on CumInCAD [online]. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/paper/ecaadesigradi2019_296

We present a Blockchain collaboration mechanism on optimisation problems between distributed participants who work with building information modelling tools. The blockchain mechanism is capable of executing smart contracts, acting as a reward mechani... Read More about Towards Blockchains for architectural design: consensus mechanisms for collaboration in BIM..

The relationships between users and daylighting design in the 20th century architectural practice. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K., BENNADJI, A. and FARHI, A. 2019. The relationships between users and daylighting design in the 20th century architectural practice. In Kim, J.-T., Noguchi, M. and Altan, H. (eds.) Proceedings of 7th Zero energy mass custom home international conference 2019 (ZEMCH 2019), 26-28 November 2019, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Melbourne: ZEMCH Network [online], pages 339-347. Available from: https://view.joomag.com/zemch-2019-international-conference-proceedings-april2020/0323140001587015989

Architecture is considered a crossing field between arts and sciences that is supported by multiple, various and complex issues. Considering that architecture is a man’s creation for men, this research explores human factors in architecture. It speci... Read More about The relationships between users and daylighting design in the 20th century architectural practice..

Macro-BIM adoption study: establishing Nigeria's BIM maturity. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
HAMMA-ADAMA, M. and KOUIDER, T. 2019. Macro-BIM adoption study: establishing Nigeria’s BIM maturity. In Aigbavboa, C. and Thwala, W. (eds.) The construction industry in the fourth industrial revolution: proceedings of the 11th Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) postgraduate research conference (CIDB 2019): positioning the construction industry in the fourth industrial revolution, 28-30 July 2019, Johannesburg, South Africa. Cham: Springer [online], pages 401-411. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-26528-1_40

Construction Industry in Nigeria has since required a disruptive technology to change its construction business and improve its capabilities and productivity. As an on-going research (PhD work) to developing a strategy for an effective Building Infor... Read More about Macro-BIM adoption study: establishing Nigeria's BIM maturity..

What are the barriers and drivers toward BIM adoption in Nigeria? (2019)
Conference Proceeding
HAMMA-ADAMA, M. and KOUIDER, T. 2019. What are the barriers and drivers towards BIM adoption in Nigeria? In Skibniewski, M.J. and Hajdu, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2019 Creative construction conference (CCC 2019), 29 June – 2 July 2019, Budapest, Hungary. Budapest: Diamond Congress Ltd [online], pages 529-539. Available from:https://2019.creative-construction-conference.com/downloads/

The ‘digitalization and collaboration’ or Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the construction industry has been gaining momentum in the recent academic engagements. Despite its existence in many industries (i.e. publishing, retailing, financial... Read More about What are the barriers and drivers toward BIM adoption in Nigeria?.

Blockchain grammars: designing with DAOS. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
DOUNAS, T. and LOMBARDI, D. 2019. Blockchain grammars: designing with DAOS. In Haeusler, M.H., Schnabel, M.A. and Fukuda, T. (eds.) Intelligent and informed: proceedings of the 24th International conference on computer-aided architectural design research in Asia (CAADRIA 2019), 15-18 April 2019, Wellington: New Zealand. Hong Kong: CumInCAD [online], Volume 2, pages 293-302. Available from: http://papers.cumincad.org/data/works/att/caadria2019_647.pdf

This paper presents an application of Decentralised Autonomous Organisation (DAO) in the field of design and AEC industry. The model is applied in the realm of shape grammar proposing the possibility of allowing multiple grammarists to collaborate in... Read More about Blockchain grammars: designing with DAOS..