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Multi-sourced sensing and support vector machine classification for effective detection of fire hazard in early stage.

Chen, Siyuan; Ren, Jinchang; Yan, Yijun; Sun, Meijun; Hu, Fuyuan; Zhao, Huimin

Authors

Siyuan Chen

Jinchang Ren

Meijun Sun

Fuyuan Hu

Huimin Zhao



Abstract

Accurate detection and early warning of fire hazard are crucial for reducing the associated damages. Due to the limitations of smoke-based detection mechanism, most commercial detectors fail to distinguish the smoke from dust and steam, leading to frequent false alarms and costly evacuation unnecessarily. To tackle this issue, we propose a fast and cost-effective indoor fire alarm system for real-time early fire detection under various scenarios, whilst significantly reducing the false alarms. Multimodal sensors are integrated to acquire the data of carbon monoxide, smoke, temperature and humidity, followed by effective data analysis and classification. For ease of embedded implementation, the support vector machine (SVM) is found to outperform the Random Forests (RF), K-means, and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). On a public dataset and our own dataset, the proposed system performs promising, with the values of the precision, recall, and F1 of 99.8%, 99.6%, and 99.7%, respectively.

Citation

CHEN, S., REN, J., YAN, Y., SUN, M., HU, F. and ZHAO, H. 2022. Multi-sourced sensing and support vector machine classification for effective detection of fire hazard in early stage. Computers and electrical engineering [online], 101, article 108046. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compeleceng.2022.108046

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 26, 2022
Online Publication Date May 2, 2022
Publication Date Jul 31, 2022
Deposit Date May 20, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 3, 2023
Journal Computers and Electrical Engineering
Print ISSN 0045-7906
Electronic ISSN 1879-0755
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 101
Article Number 108046
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compeleceng.2022.108046
Keywords Fire incident detection; Sensor fusion; Machine learning; Alarm systems; Fire safety
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1655130