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Addressing social determinants of health in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic: urgent need to consider policy and practice in relation to pharmacy's contribution. (2022)
Journal Article
CUNNINGHAM, S., JEBARA, T. and DOUGLAS, F. [2022]. Addressing social determinants of health in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic: urgent need to consider policy and practice in relation to pharmacy's contribution. International journal of pharmacy practice [online], (accepted). To be made available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpp/riac072

World Health Organization reports highlight health inequalities and social determinants of health (SDoH), and the need for their consideration in strategic health plans. The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated these issues and government imposed COV... Read More about Addressing social determinants of health in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic: urgent need to consider policy and practice in relation to pharmacy's contribution..

General practice pharmacists' implementation of advanced clinical assessment skills: a qualitative study of behavioural determinants. (2022)
Journal Article
RUSHWORTH, G.F., JEBARA, T., TONNA, A.P., RUDD, I., STEWART, F., MACVICAR, R. and CUNNINGHAM, S. [2022]. General practice pharmacists' implementation of advanced clinical assessment skills: a qualitative study of behavioural determinants. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], (accepted). To be made available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-022-01484-7

The role of General Practice Clinical Pharmacists is becoming more clinically complex. Some are undertaking courses to develop their skillsets. The aim of this study is to explore potential behavioural determinants influencing the implementation of s... Read More about General practice pharmacists' implementation of advanced clinical assessment skills: a qualitative study of behavioural determinants..

Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model. (2022)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., MCINTOSH, T., STEWART, F., OSPREY, A., BRUCE, R. and CUNNINGHAM, S. [2022]. Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], Online First. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-022-01467-8

The Scottish Government is increasing independent prescribers (IP) in community pharmacy (CP). A new preceptorship model using IPs as Designated Prescribing Practitioners (DPPs) has been introduced. The aim of this study was to investigate stakeholde... Read More about Designated prescribing practitioners: a theory-based cross-sectional study of stakeholders' views on implementation of a novel pharmacy regulator mandated preceptorship model..

Competency-based assessment in experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes: qualitative exploration of facilitators' views and needs (ACTp study). (2022)
Journal Article
JACOB, S.A., POWER, A., PORTLOCK, J., JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S. and BOYTER, A.C. 2022. Competency-based assessment in experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes: qualitative exploration of facilitators' views and needs (ACTp study). Pharmacy [online], 10(4), article 90. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy10040090

Newly registered pharmacists will need to possess higher-level competencies and, in Great Britain, there is an expectation that assessments are undertaken during experiential learning (EL). The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions and edu... Read More about Competency-based assessment in experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes: qualitative exploration of facilitators' views and needs (ACTp study)..

General practice-based undergraduate pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: a theoretically underpinned qualitative evaluation. (2022)
Journal Article
INNES, C., CUNNINGHAM, S., ADDISON, B., WEDEKIND, Y., WATSON, E., RUDD, I., POWER, A., KARIM, L. and RUSHWORTH, G.F. [2022]. General practice-based undergraduate pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: a theoretically underpinned qualitative evaluation. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], Online First. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-022-01429-0

A Pharmacy Longitudinal Clerkship (PLC) was designed to develop student pharmacists'(SPs) competence in a general practice setting. The aim was to carry out a theoretically-underpinned qualitative evaluation of stakeholder perceptions regarding the... Read More about General practice-based undergraduate pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: a theoretically underpinned qualitative evaluation..

Using the theoretical domains framework to explore behavioural determinants for medication taking in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention. (2022)
Journal Article
CUNNINGHAM, S., JEBARA, T., STEWART, D., SMITH, J., LESLIE, S.J. and RUSHWORTH, G.F. [2022]. Using the theoretical domains framework to explore behavioural determinants for medication taking in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention. International journal of pharmacy practice [online], Advance Articles. To be made available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpp/riac039

The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between factors influencing medication taking and behavioural determinants in patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A cross-sectional survey was undertaken, using... Read More about Using the theoretical domains framework to explore behavioural determinants for medication taking in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention..

Survey to identify research priorities for primary care in Scotland during and following the COVID-19 pandemic. (2022)
Journal Article
HUBBARD, G., GRIST, F., POPE, L.M., CUNNINGHAM, S., MAXWELL, M., BENNIE, M., GUTHRIE, B., MERCER, S.W. 2022. Survey to identify research priorities for primary care in Scotland during and following the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Open [online], 12(5), article number e056817. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056817

Objectives To identify research priorities for primary care in Scotland following the COVID-19 pandemic. Design Modified James Lind Alliance methodology; respondents completed an online survey to make research suggestions and rank research themes in... Read More about Survey to identify research priorities for primary care in Scotland during and following the COVID-19 pandemic..

Investigating clinicians’ determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. (2022)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. Investigating clinicians' determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework. Journal of hospital infection [online], 122, pages 72-83. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2022.01.007

Aim: To identify and quantify potential determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour, using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving doctors (∼4000) and pharmacists (∼400) working within Hamad Medica... Read More about Investigating clinicians’ determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behaviour using the theoretical domains framework..

Student pharmacist practice-based interprofessional education in Scotland: a qualitative study of stakeholders' views and experiences. (2022)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., POWER, A., BOYTER, A., JACOB, S.A., PORTLOCK, J. and CUNNINGHAM, S. [2022]. Student pharmacist practice-based interprofessional education in Scotland: a qualitative study of stakeholders' views and experiences. Journal of interprofessional care [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2021.2011843

Scottish Government funding supports practice-based experiential learning (EL) for student pharmacists. We explored views and experiences of key stakeholders on current practice and future development of interprofessional education (IPE) in EL includ... Read More about Student pharmacist practice-based interprofessional education in Scotland: a qualitative study of stakeholders' views and experiences..

Pharmacy and medical student interprofessional education placement week. (2022)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., THOMAS, I., CUNNINGHAM, S. and RUSHWORTH, G.F. 2022. Pharmacy and medical student interprofessional education placement week. Clinical teacher [online], 19(2), pages 143-149. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/tct.13450

Developing collaborative practice through interprofessional education (IPE) activities in undergraduate healthcare curricula is advocated by the World Health Organisation and the regulatory bodies for Medicine and Pharmacy within the UK. Our local fa... Read More about Pharmacy and medical student interprofessional education placement week..

Competency-based assessment of practice-based experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes. (2021)
Journal Article
JACOB, S.A., POWER, A., PORTLOCK, J., JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S. and BOYTER, A.C. 2021. Competency-based assessment of practice-based experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes. Pharmacy practice [online], 19(4), article 2482. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2021.4.2482

Objective: To obtain feedback from experiential leaning (EL) leads about how competency-based assessments could be undertaken by EL facilitators, and to scope existing EL assessment structures in undergraduate Masters in Pharmacy (MPharm) programmes... Read More about Competency-based assessment of practice-based experiential learning in undergraduate pharmacy programmes..

An innovative general practice based pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: using theory to characterise its development, implementation and initial evaluation. (2021)
Journal Article
INNES, C., RUSHWORTH, G., ADDISON, B., WEDEKIND, Y., WATSON, E., RUDD, I., POWER, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. An innovative general practice based pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: using theory to characterise its development, implementation and initial evaluation. Education for primary care [online], 33(3), pages 173-179. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/14739879.2021.1996275

Background Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships exist in undergraduate medicine courses. A pilot Pharmacy Longitudinal Clerkship (pPLC) was funded to investigate delivery of this model of clinical education for student pharmacists. Objective(s): To inv... Read More about An innovative general practice based pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: using theory to characterise its development, implementation and initial evaluation..

Student and pre-registration pharmacist performance in a UK prescribing assessment. (2021)
Journal Article
POWER, A., STEWART, D., CRAIG, G., BOYTER, A., REID, F., STEWART, F., CUNNINGHAM, S. and MAXWELL, S. 2022. Student and pre-registration pharmacist performance in a UK prescribing assessment. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 44(1), pages 100-109. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-021-01317-z

Student and pre-registration pharmacist performance in a UK Prescribing Assessment': room for improvement and need for curricular change Background Increasingly the global policy direction is for patient-facing pharmacist prescribers. The 'UK Prescri... Read More about Student and pre-registration pharmacist performance in a UK prescribing assessment..

Pharmacy students’ experience of a novel government-funded experiential learning initiative: a mixed-method study (ACTp Study). (2021)
Journal Article
JACOB, S.A., JEBARA, T., WATSON, M., CUNNINGHAM, S., POWER, A. and BOYTER, A.C. 2021. Pharmacy students’ experience of a novel government-funded experiential learning initiative: a mixed-method study (ACTp study). Pharmacy education [online], 21, pages 466-476. Available from: https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.466476

Background: In 2018, the Scottish Government made the Pharmacy Additional Cost of Teaching (ACTp) funding available to support the development of Experiential Learning (EL) in undergraduate pharmacy education. To inform the further expansion of EL in... Read More about Pharmacy students’ experience of a novel government-funded experiential learning initiative: a mixed-method study (ACTp Study)..

Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland. (2021)
Journal Article
BOAG, L., MACLURE, K., BOYTER, A., CUNNINGHAM, S., AKRAM, G., MCQUILLAN, H. and STEWART, D. 2021. Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland. Pharmacy practice [online], 19(1), article 2152. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/pharmpract.2021.1.2152

Background: The Minor Ailment Service (MAS) in Scottish community pharmacy allows eligible people to gain improved access to care by providing free treatment for self-limiting conditions. Objective: To determine the perceptions and experiences of ind... Read More about Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland..

Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. (2020)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., AWAISU, A., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2021. Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 43(1), pages 107-117. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01114-0

Background: In Qatar, the National Vision 2030 and the National Health Strategy 2018-2022 articulate the need to improve healthcare delivery by better utilisation of the skilled workforce. In this regard, pharmacy practice is rapidly advancing and se... Read More about Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar..

Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. (2020)
Journal Article
GENERALOVA, D., CUNNINGHAM, S., LESLIE, S.J., RUSHWORTH, G.F., MCIVER, L. and STEWART, D. 2020. Prescribers' perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Pharmacy practice [online], 18(2), article ID 1936. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2020.2.1936

Background: There is an acknowledged lack of robust and rigorous research focusing on the perspectives of those prescribing direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Objective: The objective was to describe... Read More about Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation..

A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. (2020)
Journal Article
ALRAIISI, F., STEWART, D., ASHLEY, C., FAHMY, M., ALNAAMANI, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(3), pages 560-571. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.05.005

The literature shows a lack of evidence on pharmacists contributing to chronic kidney disease services. The aim was to determine pharmacists’ behaviors and experiences and perceptions of barriers and facilitators to implementation of models of care.... Read More about A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease..

The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2020)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy [online], 75(9), pages 2394-2410. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkaa154

Objectives: This systematic review (SR) reviews the evidence on use of theory in developing and evaluating behaviour change interventions (BCIs) to improve clinicians antimicrobial prescribing (AP). Methods: The SR protocol was registered with PROSPE... Read More about The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. (2020)
Journal Article
HOGAN-MURPHY, D., STEWART, D., TONNA, A., STRATH, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(2), pages 398-405. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.03.005

Background: Limited data exist on the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospitals. Whilst numerous studies advocate system use in improved patient safety and efficiency within the health service,... Read More about Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings..