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Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis. (2019)
Working Paper
SAFFIOTI REZENDE, N., SWINTON, P., FARIAS DE OLIVEIRA, L., PIRES DA SILVA, R., EIRA DA SILVA, V., NEMEZIO, K., YAMAGUCHI, G., ARTIOLI, G.G., GUALANO, B., SAUNDERS, B. and DOLAN, E. 2019. Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis. bioRxiv [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1101/870584

Beta-alanine (BA) supplementation increases muscle carnosine content (MCarn) and is ergogenic in many situations. Currently, many questions on the nature of the Mcarn response to supplementation are open, and the responses to these have considerable... Read More about Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis..

An app-delivered self-management program for people with low back pain: protocol for the selfBACK randomized controlled trial. (2019)
Other
SANDAL, L.F., STOCHKENDAHL, M.J., SVENDSEN, M.J., WOOD, K., ØVERÅS, C.K., NORDSTOGA, A.L., VILLUMSEN, M., RASMUSSEN, C.D.N., NICHOLL, B., COOPER, K., KJAER, P., MAIR, F.S., SJØGAARD, G., NILSEN, T.I.L., HARTVIGSEN, J., BACH, K., MORK, P.J. and SØGAARD, K. 2019. An app-delivered self-management program for people with low back pain: Protocol for the selfback randomized controlled trial. [Protocol]. JMIR research protocols [online], 8(12), article ID e14720. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2196/14720

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is prevalent across all social classes, in all age groups, and across industrialized and developing countries. From a global perspective, LBP is considered the leading cause of disability and negatively impacts everyda... Read More about An app-delivered self-management program for people with low back pain: protocol for the selfBACK randomized controlled trial..

Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship. (2019)
Journal Article
KEOGH, J.W.L., HENWOOD, T., GARDINER, P.A., TUCKETT, A.G., HETHERINGTON, S., ROUSE, K. and SWINTON, P. 2019. Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship. PeerJ [online], 7, article number e8140. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8140

Background. This study sought to better understand the psychometric properties of the SARC-F, by examining the baseline and training-related relationships between the five SARC-F items and objective measures of muscle function. Each of the five items... Read More about Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship..

Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial. (2019)
Journal Article
HETHERINGTON, S., SWINTON, P., HENWOOD, T., KEOGH, J., GARDINER, P., TUCKETT, A., ROUSE, K. and COMANS, T. 2020. Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial. Journal of aging and physical activity [online], 28(3), pages 352-359. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2019-0085

In this article, the authors assessed the cost-effectiveness of center-based exercise training for older Australians. The participants were recipients of in-home care services, and they completed 24 weeks of progressive resistance plus balance traini... Read More about Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial..

Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition. (2019)
Journal Article
MAUGHAN, P.C. and SWINTON, P.A. 2020. Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition. International journal of sports science and coaching [online], 15(1), pages 72-81. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119889950

Intensified periods of competition create large increase in physical workload and can expose soccer players to numerous playing styles. The purpose of the study was to investigate the response of youth soccer players to an intensified period of compe... Read More about Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition..

The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach. (2019)
Journal Article
STEPHENS HEMINGWAY, B.H., BURGESS, K.E., ELYAN, E. and SWINTON, P.A. 2020. The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach. International journal of sports science and coaching [online], 15(1), pages 60-71. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119887721

This study investigated the effects of measurement error and testing frequency on prediction accuracy of the standard fitness-fatigue model. A simulation-based approach was used to systematically assess measurement error and frequency inputs commonly... Read More about The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach..

Meta-analysis demonstrates Gly482Ser variant of PPARGC1A is associated with components of metabolic syndrome within Asian populations. (2019)
Journal Article
BHATTA, P., BERMANO, G., WILLIAMS, H.C. and KNOTT, R.M. 2020. Meta-analysis demonstrates Gly482Ser variant of PPARGC1A is associated with components of metabolic syndrome within Asian populations. Genomics [online], 112(2), pages 1795-1803. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.10.011

To determine the association of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 Gly482Ser variant with components of metabolic syndrome. Materials and methods:- A systematic search was carried out using Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE a... Read More about Meta-analysis demonstrates Gly482Ser variant of PPARGC1A is associated with components of metabolic syndrome within Asian populations..

Discussing sudden unexpected death in epilepsy with children and young people with epilepsy and their parents/carers: a mixed methods systematic review. (2019)
Journal Article
COOPER, K., KIRKPATRICK, P., BRAND, C., ROLFE, A. and FLORIDA-JAMES, S. 2020. Discussing sudden unexpected death in epilepsy with children and young people with epilepsy and their parents/carers: a mixed methods systematic review. Seizure: European journal of epilepsy [online], 78, pages 159-167. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.10.002

Purpose: To synthesise the quantitative and qualitative evidence on the views and experiences of children and young people with epilepsy (CYPwE), their family members/caregivers and healthcare professionals on conversations between healthcare profess... Read More about Discussing sudden unexpected death in epilepsy with children and young people with epilepsy and their parents/carers: a mixed methods systematic review..

Transfer of learning from simulation to clinical practice in pre-registration healthcare student education. (2019)
Thesis
GOODHAND, K. 2019. Transfer of learning from simulation to clinical practice in pre-registration healthcare student education. Robert Gordon University [online], DPP thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

Simulation has become an established pedagogy for teaching clinical skills to healthcare professionals and has been incorporated into pre-registration curricula internationally. Simulation can often be used to replace clinical practice hours and it i... Read More about Transfer of learning from simulation to clinical practice in pre-registration healthcare student education..

Relative body weight and standardised brightness-mode ultrasound measurement of subcutaneous fat in athletes: an international multicentre reliability study, under the auspices of the IOC Medical Commission. (2019)
Journal Article
MÜLLER, W., FÜRHAPTER-RIEGER, A., AHAMMER, H., LOHMAN, T.G., MEYER, N.L., SARDINHA, L.B., STEWART, A.D., MAUGHAN, R.J., SUNDGOT-BORGEN, J., MÜLLER, T., HARRIS, M., KIRIHENNEDIGE, N., MAGALHAES, J.P., MELO, X., PIRSTINGER, W., REGUANT-CLOSA, A., RISOUL-SALAS, V. and ACKLAND, T.R. 2020. Relative body weight and standardised brightness-mode ultrasound measurement of subcutaneous fat in athletes: an international multicentre reliability study, under the auspices of the IOC Medical Commission. Sports medicine [online], 50(3), pages 597-614. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01192-9

Introduction: Fat is a metabolic fuel, but excess body fat is ballast mass and therefore many elite athletes reduce body fat to dangerously low levels. Uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) thickness measured by brightness-mode ultrasound (U... Read More about Relative body weight and standardised brightness-mode ultrasound measurement of subcutaneous fat in athletes: an international multicentre reliability study, under the auspices of the IOC Medical Commission..

Minimum aperture transit in healthy adults of different size to predict egress capability. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
STEWART, A., NEVILL, A. and JOHNSON, C. 2019. Minimum aperture transit in healthy adults of different size to predict egress capability. In Charles, R. and Golightly, D. (eds) Contemporary ergonomics and human factors 2019: proceedings of the Ergonomics and human factors 2019 (EHF 2019), 29 April - 1 May 2019, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK. Birmingham : CIEHF [online]. Available from: https://publications.ergonomics.org.uk/publications/minimum-aperture-transit-in-healthy-adults-of-different-size-topredict-egress-capability.html

Minimum aperture dimensions have traditionally been considered from an industrial perspective for facilitating safe confined-space working or emergency exit from transportation. However, secular trends for increased typical body size resulting from g... Read More about Minimum aperture transit in healthy adults of different size to predict egress capability..

The demands of vertical ladder ergometer climbing relating to the wind energy industry. (2019)
Thesis
BARRON, P.J. 2019. The demands of vertical ladder ergometer climbing relating to the wind energy industry. Robert Gordon University [online], PhD thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

The current medical fitness standard guidelines issued by Renewable UK for wind turbine technicians were adopted from the UK Fire and Rescue service. However, on the face of it, the two industries have different demands. This thesis aimed to ascertai... Read More about The demands of vertical ladder ergometer climbing relating to the wind energy industry..

Learning to self-manage by intelligent monitoring, prediction and intervention. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
WIRATUNGA, N., CORSAR, D., MARTIN, K., WIJEKOON, A., ELYAN, E., COOPER, K., IBRAHIM, Z., CELIKTUTAN, O., DOBSON, R.J., MCKENNA, S., MORRIS, J., WALLER, A., ABD-ALHAMMED, R., QAHWAJI, R. and CHAUDHURI, R. 2019. Learning to self-manage by intelligent monitoring, prediction and intervention. In Wiratunga, N., Coenen, F. and Sani, S. (eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International workshop on knowledge discovery in healthcare data (KDH 2019), co-located with the 28th International joint conference on artificial intelligence (IJCAI-19), 10-11 August 2019, Macao, China. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2429. Aachen: CEUR Workshop Proceedings [online], pages 60-67. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2429/paper10.pdf

Despite the growing prevalence of multimorbidities, current digital self-management approaches still prioritise single conditions. The future of out-of-hospital care requires researchers to expand their horizons; integrated assistive technologies sho... Read More about Learning to self-manage by intelligent monitoring, prediction and intervention..

Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance. (2019)
Journal Article
SAUNDERS, B., VIRGILE, A., ELLIOTT-SALE, K. J., ARTIOLI, G.G., SWINTON, P.A., DOLAN, E., ROSCHEL, H., SALE, C. and GUALANO, B. 2020. Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance. British journal of sports medicine [online], 54(15), pages 925-926. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101129

Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) is an abundant compound in skeletal muscle, suggesting it plays an important role during exercise, with a key physiological role considered to be intracellular pH regulation. Chronic β-alanine supplementation can incr... Read More about Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance..

Exploring occupational irritant hand dermatitis amongst healthcare workers in NHS Grampian. (2019)
Thesis
PAPADATOU, Z. 2019. Exploring occupational irritant hand dermatitis amongst healthcare workers in NHS Grampian. Robert Gordon University [online], DPP thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

Occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) is emerging as an important risk caused by or made worse by work. OIHD can cause significant and long-term health issues, and can impact on an individual's employment. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are amongst... Read More about Exploring occupational irritant hand dermatitis amongst healthcare workers in NHS Grampian..

Comparative responsiveness of the PROMIS-10 Global Health and EQ-5D questionnaires in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. (2019)
Journal Article
SHIM, J. and HAMILTON, D.F. 2019. Comparative responsiveness of the PROMIS-10 Global Health and EQ-5D questionnaires in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. Bone and joint journal [online], 101-B(7), pages 832-837. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B7.BJJ-2018-1543.R1

Aims: Responsiveness to clinically important change is a key feature of any outcome measure. Throughout Europe, health-related quality of life following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is routinely measured with EuroQol five-dimension (EQ-5D) questionn... Read More about Comparative responsiveness of the PROMIS-10 Global Health and EQ-5D questionnaires in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty..

Improved prediction equations for estimating height in adults from ethnically diverse backgrounds. (2019)
Journal Article
MADDEN, A.M., MASHANOVA, A., AMIRABDOLLAHIAN, F., GHUMAN, S., MAKDA, M., COLLINSON, A., DEAN, F., HIRSZ, M., LENNIE, S., MAYNARD, M.J. and POWER, B. 2020. Improved prediction equations for estimating height in adults from ethnically diverse backgrounds. Clinical nutrition [online], 39(5), pages 1454-1463. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.007

Background and aims - When body height cannot be measured, it can be predicted from ulna length (UL). However, commonly used published prediction equations may not provide useful estimates in adults from all ethnicities. This study aimed to evaluate... Read More about Improved prediction equations for estimating height in adults from ethnically diverse backgrounds..

Perinatal factors associate with vertebral size and shape but not lumbar lordosis in 10-year-old children. (2019)
Journal Article
PAVLOVA, A.V., JEFFREY, J.E., BARR, R.J. and ASPDEN, R.M. 2019. Perinatal factors associate with vertebral size and shape but not lumbar lordosis in 10-year-old children. Journal of anatomy [online], 235(4), pages 749-756. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13024

The intrauterine environment is known to influence foetal development and future health. Low birthweight has been linked to smaller vertebral canals in children and decreased adulthood spine bone mineral content. Perinatal factors affecting lumbar sp... Read More about Perinatal factors associate with vertebral size and shape but not lumbar lordosis in 10-year-old children..

Vocational rehabilitation for emergency services personnel: a scoping review. (2019)
Journal Article
ALEXANDER, L. and COOPER, K. 2019. Vocational rehabilitation for emergency services personnel: a scoping review. JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports [online], 17(10), pages 1999-2019. Available from: https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003747

Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map the range of vocational rehabilitation available for emergency services personnel. Introduction: Employee work absence due to illness and injury is an international burden. The eme... Read More about Vocational rehabilitation for emergency services personnel: a scoping review..

Effectiveness of expiratory muscle strength training on expiratory strength, pulmonary function and cough in the adult population: a systematic review. (2019)
Journal Article
TEMPLEMAN, L. and ROBERTS, F. 2020. Effectiveness of expiratory muscle strength training on expiratory strength, pulmonary function and cough in the adult population: a systematic review. Physiotherapy [online], 106, pages 43-51. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2019.06.002

Background: Respiratory muscle strength declines in certain disease states, leading to impaired cough, reduced airway clearance and an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. Respiratory muscle training may therefore reduce this risk. Objectives: To... Read More about Effectiveness of expiratory muscle strength training on expiratory strength, pulmonary function and cough in the adult population: a systematic review..